References in periodicals archive ?
Premalatha, "Study of palatal rugae pattern among the student population in Mangalore," Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine, vol.
The occurrence, number and arrangement of palatal rugae in mammals are species-specific [12].
Palatal rugae are well protected from trauma by their internal position in the head and they are insulated from heat by the lips, tongue and the buccal fat pads.
Classification of palatal rugae. Characteristics Denoted as Straight a Curve b Wavy c Annular d SIMPLE Papillary e RUGAE Cross linked f Branch g Break h Converging i Diverging j Wavy + Annular k Wavy + Diverging l Curve + Diverging m Wavy + Papillary n Straight + Annular o Curve + Annular p Straight + papillary q Curve + papillary r COMPLEX RUGAE Papillary + diverging s Curved+ branched t Wavy + branched u Wavy + papillary + branch v Papillary + branch w Curve + break x Wavy + papillary + converging y Curve + converging z Branch + diverging az Table II.
Palatal rugae, also called plicae palatinae transversae, can be protected from trauma and high temperatures by lips, cheek, tongue, buccal pad, teeth and bone, and exhibit no age-related changes (Rajan et al., 2013; Pretty, 2007; Verma et al., 2014; Sharma et al., 2009).
They improve contact between food and taste receptors located on the dorsal surface of the tongue, resulting in better sensibility of taste.4,5 In recent years, several studies have been conducted related to the molecular basis of the formation of palatal rugae.6,7,8 The pattern may vary from simple to complex and is largely governed by the genetic factors.
Past studies have shown the importance of palatal rugae for human identification in situations such as accidents or a mass disaster.
(3) The shape of palatal rugae (True) 25.7% (9) 5.9% remain consistent and are reliable forensic markers.