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2) Investigators assessed 8 physical exam tests--the Neer impingement sign, Hawkins-Kennedy impingement sign, painful arc sign, supraspinatus muscle strength test, Speed's test, cross-body adduction test, drop-arm sign, and infraspinatus muscle strength test--to determine their diagnostic utility.
Park et al (2005) investigated combinations of the Hawkins-Kennedy, painful arc, and infraspinatus tests.
According to Cyriax, (14) a painful arc is the situation in which pain occurs during the midranges of joint movement.