After reconceptualizing pain during the educational sessions, patients' improvements in pain behavior
during the follow-up period were accompanied by a decrease in symptoms.
But when we carefully asked the parents, all their children had either vomiting or pain behavior
as well, though the parents did not initially tell us this information.
and distress in children during two sequential dental visits: comparing a computerized anesthesia delivery system and a traditional syringe.
1996) views both the individual factors and the interactional factors as key elements of the pain behavior
There is however, a great deal of scientific support demonstrating the effects of various stimulus categories on pain behavior
In comparison with those receiving only the exercise intervention, patients in the family intervention showed greater improvement in pain severity, pain behavior
, and sickness impact (Turner, Clancy, McQuade, & Cardenas, 1990).
The Checklist of Nonverbal Pain Indicators (Feldt, 2000b), which is designed to measure pain in elders with dementia, was modified from the University of Alabama Birmingham Pain Behavior
Scale (Richards, Nepomuceno, Riles, & Suer, 1982).
The most important treatment, she said, is to restore functionality and address environmental factors that may be contributing to or reinforcing the pain behavior
, such as getting a break from household chores and reaping lots of positive attention from family members.
The other way classifies different types of pain based on symptoms and pain behavior
Even if the pain appears to be legitimate, it is possible to change its demand characteristics through the modification of the consequences of pain behavior
(Aubuchon, Haber, & Adams, 1985) and through procedures of distraction from attention to the pain associated stimuli (McCaul & Malott, 1984; Stark, Allen, Hurst, Nash, Rigney, & Stoke s, 1989).
The use of covert conditioning in modifying pain behavior
Aestus has already demonstrated that ATx08-001 is more effective than standard treatments in reversing pain behavior
in pre-clinical neuropathic pain models.