The use of pacifier
was the risk factor that was most associated with the non-consumption of exclusive or predominant breast milk and the intake of milk formulas and cow milk.
In the multiple analysis of the association between pacifier
use and covariates, Poisson regression with robust variance was used to estimate prevalence ratios.
The present study analysed aspects related to the personal characteristics of the mothers and their infants over the 24-month follow-up period, the social support that they received throughout the first year of their infants' lives, and the pacifier
sucking habit including offer attempts and reasons for pacifier
introduction (all of which involve the influence of the mother-infant interaction).
When controlled for other factors that could affect the risk of developing allergy, such as allergy in the parents and delivery by Caesarean section, the beneficial effect of parental sucking on the pacifier
When the child is old enough to travel, the pacifier
helps create a place to sleep when her crib isn't handy.
Apparently, the sucking motion a baby makes with a pacifier
can pull the developing upper back teeth inward toward the center of the mouth, so when they erupt through the gums, they sit inside the normally developed lower teeth instead of lining up with them.
which markets a variety of eco-friendly items, ranging from diapers to pacifiers
2005) Early childhood pacifier
use in relation to breastfeeding, SIDS, infection and dental malocclusion.
The longer the breastfeeding practice lasted, the lower the frequency of children with history of pacifier
use (Graph 1).
A new, soft and broad slow-release pacifier
has been developed containing a pouch in which a food supplement tablet can be inserted.
Both have similar shaped nipples (orthodontic), but the pacifier
nipple is stiffer.
Although the devices are readily available, few studies have been performed on the use of pacifier
thermometers, which use the supralingual site, to measure temperature in children (Banco, Jayashekaramurthy, & Graffam, 1988; Beckstrand et al.