pachygyria


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macrogyria

 [mak″ro-ji´re-ah]
moderate reduction in the number of sulci of the cerebrum, sometimes with increase in the brain substance, resulting in excessive size of the gyri.

pach·y·gy·ri·a

(pak'ē-jī'rē-ă),
Condition in which the convolutions of the cerebral cortex are abnormally large; there are fewer sulci than normal and in some cases the amount of brain substance is somewhat increased.
Synonym(s): macrogyria
[pachy- + G. gyros, circle]

pachygyria

/pachy·gy·ria/ (-ji´re-ah) macrogyria.

pachygyria

[-jī′rē·ə]
a broadening and flattening of the gyri of the brain.

pach·y·gy·ri·a

(pak'ē-jī'rē-ă)
Condition in which the convolutions of the cerebral cortex are abnormally large; there are fewer sulci than normal and the amount of brain substance may be increased.
[pachy- + G. gyros, circle]

pachygyria

References in periodicals archive ?
C, Pachygyria, ventriculomegaly, pseudocysts (asterisks), and calcifications (arrow) in occipital lobes.
Mum-of-five Nicola, from Glenrothes, Fife, added: "When Kohen was diagnosed with pachygyria, it was a huge shock.
He went for an MRI scan in February last year and they said he had pachygyria.
ABNORMALITIES Pachygyria symptoms include epilepsy and poor muscle control.
The affected hemisphere may have focal or diffuse neuronal migration defects, with areas of polymicrogyria, pachygyria, and heterotopia.
19,59) Ultrasound and/or autopsy may reveal widespread brain calcifications (periventricular, cerebral parenchyma, thalami, and basal ganglia), cortical thinning with ventricular dilation, simplified gyral patterns (eg, lissencephaly, pachygyria, agyria), and cerebellar hypoplasia.
Pathologies like infection, metabolic disorders, ischemia, or genetic defects that cause errors in any of the stages of stem cell differentiation, neuronal migration, or cortical organization form cortical anomalies such as lissencephaly, pachygyria, schizencephaly, heterotopia, polymicrogyria, and unilateral megalencephaly.
org 1,2,8 OXOPROLINURIA See: Acidemia, Organic PACHYGYRIA See: Lissencephaly PACHYONYCHIA, CONGENITAL See: Ectodermal Dysplasias PAGON SYNDROME See: Hydrocephalus; Lissencephaly PALLISTER-HALL SYNDROME See also: Anorectal Malformations; Pituitary Tumors Pallister-Hall Foundation Debra Messer RFD Box 3000, Fairground Rd Bradford, VT 05033 (802) 222-9683 * messer@sover.
S My 16-month-old son has a developmental brain abnormality (polymicrogyria, pachygyria, and demylination of the white matter).
org 1,2,8 OXOPROLINURIA See: Acidemia, Organic PACHYGYRIA See: Lissencephaly PACHYONYCHIA, CONGENITAL See: Ectodermal Dysplasias PAGON SYNDROM See: Hydrocephalus; Lissencephaly PALLISTER-HALL SYNDROME See also: Anorectal Malformations; Pituitary Tumors Pallister-Hall Foundation Ross, 8 Heather Dr.
org 2,3,6,9 OXOPROLINURIA See: Acidemia, Organic PACHYGYRIA See: Lissencephaly PACHYONYCHIA, CONGENITAL See: Ectodermal Dysplasias PAGON SYNDROME See: Hydrocephalus; Lissencephaly PALLISTER-HALL SYNDROME See also: Anorectal Malformations; Pituitary Tumors Pallister-Hall Foundation RFD Box 3000 Fairground Rd.
com 1,2,3,8,9 OXOPROLINURIA See: Acidemia, Organic PACHYGYRIA See: Lissencephaly PACHYONYCHIA, CONGENITAL See: Ectodermal Dysplasias PAGON SYNDROME See: Hydrocephalus; Lissencephaly PALLISTER-HALL SYNDROME See also: Anorectal Malformations; Pituitary Disorders Pallister-Hall Foundation RFD Box 3000, Fairground Rd.