ozone

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ozone

 [o´zōn]
a bluish explosive gas or blue liquid, being an allotropic form of oxygen, O3; it is antiseptic and disinfectant, and irritating and toxic to the pulmonary system. Ozone that is carried in the air is odorless and colorless.

Ozone is artificially produced when automobile exhaust fumes combine with nitrogen oxide in the presence of sunlight and high temperatures. This leads to ozone pollution. Federal standards have been established to determine when the level of ozone in atmospheric air is unhealthful.
ozone alert a warning issued by health and environmental officials during periods of excessive ozone pollution for those individuals most sensitive to ozone, such as the very young, the elderly, and ill individuals, especially those with respiratory conditions. Advice is to remain indoors and limit physical activity. Healthy individuals are also advised to limit outdoor activity.

o·zone

(ō'zōn),
O3; a powerful oxidizing agent; air containing a perceptible amount of O3 formed by an electric discharge or by the slow combustion of phosphorus, and has an odor suggestive of Cl2 or SO2; also formed by the action of solar UV radiation on atmospheric O2.
[G. ozō, to smell]

ozone

(o´zōn) a bluish explosive gas or blue liquid, being an allotropic form of oxygen, O3; it is antiseptic and disinfectant, and irritating and toxic to the pulmonary system.

ozone

(ō′zōn′)
n.
1. An unstable, poisonous allotrope of oxygen, O3, that is formed naturally in the ozone layer from atmospheric oxygen by electric discharge or exposure to ultraviolet radiation, also produced in the lower atmosphere by the photochemical reaction of certain pollutants. It is a highly reactive oxidizing agent used to deodorize air, purify water, and treat industrial wastes.
2. Informal Fresh, pure air.

o·zo′nic (ō-zō′nĭk, ō-zŏn′ĭk), o′zon′ous (ō′zō′nəs) adj.

ozone (O3)

Etymology: Gk, ozein, to have an odor
an allotropic form of oxygen consisting of molecules containing three oxygen atoms. Ozone is formed when oxygen is present in an electric discharge, as might occur in a lightning storm. Ozone is used as a bleaching, cleaning, and oxidizing agent and has a faint, chlorinelike odor.
Ozone is the most widespread form of air pollution. When inhaled, ozone irritates the lungs, resulting in something like a bad sunburn. The health effects of breathing ozone pollution can be immediate and include wheezing, coughing and asthma attacks

o·zone

(ō'zōn)
A powerful oxidizing agent; air containing a perceptible amount of O3 formed by an electric discharge or by the slow combustion of phosphorus; also formed by the action of solar UV radiation on atmospheric O2.
[G. ozō, to smell]

ozone

A gas consisting of molecules in which three atoms of oxygen are linked together. Concentrated ozone is a blue explosive liquid. Even in low concentrations the gas is poisonous and highly irritating. The ozone layer in the stratosphere, between 10 and 50 km above the earth's surface, is produced continuously by the action of ultraviolet radiation from the sun and forms a protective barrier, cutting down the intensity of the ultraviolet component in sunlight. Without the ozone layer we would suffer serious biological effects from solar radiation, including a large increase in the incidence of skin cancer. Atmospheric ozone is broken down by the catalytic action of chloro-fluoro-carbons (CFCs) and other substances. Recent studies have shown that ozone is involved in the oxidative stress production of ATHEROSCLEROSIS in arteries. Cholesterol is converted by ozone to 5,6-secosterol which is cytotoxic and induces the formation of foam cells in the presence of low-density lipoproteins.

Ozone

A form of oxygen with three atoms in its molecule (O3), produced by an electric spark or ultraviolet light passing through air or oxygen. Ozone is used therapeutically as a disinfectant and oxidative agent.
Mentioned in: Ozone Therapy, Sunscreens

ozone

a bluish explosive gas or blue liquid, being an allotropic form of oxygen, O3; it is antiseptic and disinfectant, and irritating and toxic to the pulmonary system.
References in periodicals archive ?
Using satellite data, they report in the November GRL that the decrease in ozone levels over Antarctica each spring is directly compensated for by an increase of ozone levels at lower latitudes -- so that the total amount of ozone, from the pole to about 44[Deg.
This is consistent with dynamics, which moves ozone from Antarctica and dumps it at other latitudes," says Ka-Kit Tung, a fluid dynamist at Clarkson University in Potsdam, N.
Scientists around the world are looking for evidence that the ozone layer is beginning to heal, but this year's data from Antarctica do not hint at a turnaround.
Most years, the conditions for ozone depletion ease by early December, and the seasonal hole closes.
is indescribable," says John Passacantando, the former executive director of Ozone Action, now head of Greenpeace USA.
According to the World Meteorological Organization, in September 1998, the ozone hole over Antarctica was larger and deeper than ever before measured; at 27 million square miles, it covered a surface area larger than North America.
They also found great differences inadjacent layers--in some cases, a layer that had lost more than 75 percent of its ozone was adjacent to one with a loss of less than 25 percent.
The stratification doesn't necessarily hurt the chemical camp, Hofmann says--the layering could occur by air movements, after the ozone has been chemically depleted.
The Pulsator(TM), designed to eliminate hot water and chemicals in the plant and equipment cleaning process, incorporates the company's patented Vortex Mixing System(TM) which compresses ozone into microscopic bubbles in a water solution for a faster, more effective application.
The company's Ozone Safe Food subsidiary has developed relationships with distributors for its ozone equipment, which reduces pathogens and provides longer shelf to fresh produce and meat.
Patent Number 6,361,688 B1 issued March 26, 2002 is for improvements made to the Vortex and Recycle System, allowing for increased amounts of liquid to be treated with ozone gas.
In addition, the company has filed two other patent applications with the United States Patent and Trademark Office involving certain advancements in ozone application over the past 12 months.