Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.
Related to oxygen transport: carbon dioxide transport
1. movement of materials in biologic systems, particularly across the cell membrane into and out of cells or across epithelial layers.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as moving a patient from one location to another.
active transport see active transport.
oxygen transport the carrying of oxygen through the bloodstream bound to hemoglobin (see oxyhemoglobin).
the process by which oxygen is absorbed by red blood cell hemoglobin in the lungs and carried to the peripheral tissues. Hemoglobin combines with oxygen when present at a high concentration, such as in the lungs, and releases oxygen when the concentration is low, such as in the peripheral tissues. See also hemoglobin.
a chemical element, atomic number 8, atomic weight 15.999, symbol O. See Table 6. It is a colorless and odorless gas that makes up about 20% of the atmosphere. In combination with hydrogen, it forms water; by weight, 90% of water is oxygen. It is the most abundant of all the elements of nature. Large quantities of it are distributed throughout the solid matter of the earth, because the gas combines readily with many other elements. With carbon and hydrogen, oxygen forms the chemical basis of much organic material. Oxygen is essential in sustaining all kinds of life.
an instrument that measures the concentration of oxygen in a gas mixture.
significant cause of losses in cultivated finfish in enclosed dams, but also in rivers and estuaries, caused by lack of natural aeration of the water or to heavy algal blooms, bushfire ash deposits and overcast conditions leading to respiration rather than photosynthesis or a high concentration of organic matter and leading to the development of a bacterial bloom; a high temperature exacerbates the development.
oxygen flux equation
a calculation that determines the rate at which oxygen is made available to tissues, based on cardiac output and arterial oxygen content.
oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation curve
a graphic explanation of the release and acquisition of oxygen from and to the hemoglobin in the blood in varying circumstances of oxygen partial pressure in the environment.
see reducing valve.
the amount of oxygen bound to hemoglobin in the blood expressed as a percentage of the maximal binding capacity.
oxygen saturation curve
graphical representation describing the relationship (usually curvilinear) between fraction of oxygen-binding sites (of a protein) that have oxygen bound to them and the partial pressure (concentration) of free oxygen.
the heavy metal cylinder in which medical gases are compressed at high pressure. Called also oxygen cylinder.
see tension (2).
an enclosed space or plastic canopy used for oxygen therapy, humidity therapy or aerosol therapy.
supplemental oxygen administered for the purpose of relieving hypoxemia and preventing damage to the tissue cells as a result of oxygen lack (hypoxia). Companion animals are usually placed in a special cage with oxygen piped to it. A mask is used for short-term administration. Large animals can be supplied by a nasal tube taped in place to deliver oxygen into the pharynx.
tissue damage may occur with exposure to high concentrations of oxygen for long periods. See also retrolental fibroplasia.
a functional chain describing the transfer of oxygen from the external environment to the metabolizing tissue; includes uptake in the respiratory system, binding to hemoglobin, transport through the circulatory system, diffusion and dissociation in tissues and utilization in mitochondria, i.e. oxidatable substrates and enzymes.
process of transfer of oxygen around the body either attached to hemoglobin or myoglobin.