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a photoelectric device that measures oxygen saturation of the blood by recording the amount of light transmitted or reflected by deoxygenated versus oxygenated hemoglobin.
finger oximeter a pulse oximeter whose sensor is attached to a finger, so that the oxygenation of blood flowing through the finger can be determined. See illustration.
pulse oximeter an oximeter that permits measurement of oxygen saturation in an artery by recording the different modulations of a transmitted beam of light by reduced hemoglobin and oxyhemoglobin as seen during the pulse. A component of the oximeter analyzes the variations in light absorption and provides a readout of the per cent of saturation of the hemoglobin. A saturation above 90 per cent corresponds to a PaO2 of 60 torr or higher. The presence of fetal hemoglobin, carboxyhemoglobin, or intravascular dyes may alter the accuracy of a pulse oximeter. In these instances a SaO2 of 90 per cent may not be associated with a PaO2 of greater than 60 torr.
An instrument for determining photoelectrically the oxygen saturation of a sample of blood.
A device for measuring the oxygen saturation of arterial blood, especially a pulse oximeter.
ox′i·met′ric (-mĕt′rĭk) adj.