oxalates


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

oxalates

Metabolic disease A general term for oxalic acid salt or ester endproducts of metabolism excreted in urine which, if in extreme excess, accumulate as oxalate crystals in urine and kidneys; oxalates are ↑ in cirrhosis, IBD, DM, kidney stones, excess vitamin C, antifreeze ingestion, methoxyflurane anesthesia; they are ↓ in renal disease
References in periodicals archive ?
Medications: Pain relievers such as ibuprofen (Advil[R], Motrin[R]) and naproxen (Aleve); alpha-blockers, such as tamsulosin (Flomax[R]), to relax the ureter and help a stone pass; thiazide diuretics--chlorothiazide (Diuril[R]) and hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide[R]) are examples--or potassium citrate to prevent recurrent calcium oxalate stones.
While citrus drinks may be helpful in preventing calcium oxalate stones and uric acid stones, they might be harmful for people who form calcium phosphate stones.
Lodi argues that his patients haven't complained about kidney stones while drinking a lot of green smoothies, so oxalates must not be problematic.
We contacted Michael Liebman, PhD, a professor at the University of Wyoming, who has done research on the oxalate content of foods.
On the other hand, it contains some antinutritional factors such as oxalates and phytates which can limit the utilization of taro nutrients for human consumption and animal feed.
However, these species can sometimes accumulate oxalate (as soluble and/or insoluble form) to potentially toxic concentrations (Dhillon et al.
To further compare the results of MMPS versus other stains traditionally used for tissue identification of MCC, representative study cases containing MCC or talc, and the 2 cases of mixed silicate or oxalate deposition were also stained using Gomori methenamine silver and Congo red stains.
Precipitation of calcium oxalates from high ionic strength solutions.
Despite the kidney damage already caused by their calcium oxalates, each of the already senior Lhasas lived several more years.
Oxalate is excreted by the kidneys into the urine, where it binds to calcium and may form kidney stones.
After noting that calcium oxalate monohydrate crystalluria was higher in elderly patients, we undertook a study to determine if oral treatment with naftidrofuryl oxalate, a drug frequently prescribed for elderly patients in France, was associated with crystalluria.
Oxalate is a substance that can lead to the formation of kidney stones if absorbed from the diet too quickly.