In the fruit fly specialist Coptera haywardi (Ogloblin) (Diapriidae), nearly all ovipositions are in the middle regions of Anastrepha suspensa (Loew) puparia, while the generalist chalcid, Dihrinus himalayanus Westwood, frequently oviposits
in both the middle and the posterior (Sivinski et al.
Ooencyrtus kerriae Hayat (Encyrtidae) and Coccophagus parlobatae Hayat (Aphelinidae) drill their ovipositor through the rigid lac covering of the scale, whereas Aprostocetus bangaloricus Narendran (Eulophidae) oviposits into the anal pore of the scale.
In order to compare the ability of parasitoid species to oviposit and parasitize the lobate lac scale, the length of time required to penetrate the lobate lac scale with the ovipositor, and the reproductive rates (number of offspring per test cylinder) were compared.
lobata (Schroer & Pemberton, unpublished data) but in the present study, it was found to host feed and oviposit in unparasitized lobate lac scales, indicating primary parasitism.