overtraining


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Related to overtraining: overtraining syndrome

overtraining

A general term for any practice of, or training for, a particular sport which is in excess of that necessary to effectively participate in the sport. Overtraining increases the physical stress on specific parts of the musculoskeletal system, and increases the risk of injury.

overtraining

Sports medicine A general term for any practice of, or training for, a particular sport which is in excess of that necessary to participate in the sport , which ↑ the physical stress on specific parts of the musculoskeletal system. See Elite athlete, Female athlete triad, Reflex sympathetic dystrophy, Training.

overtraining

training exceeding the body's recovery capacity, indicated by excessive fatigue both physical and mental, and resulting in impaired performance. Also called staleness. Short-term overtraining is usually adequately countered by a period of reduced intensity or a few days' total rest but if extended, it leads to the overtraining syndrome - a set of symptoms and signs, probably of neuroendocrine origin. The psychological aspect of fatigue now usually predominates, while physical symptoms often include increased BMR, protracted elevation of pulse rate after exercise, and negative nitrogen balance leading to weight loss. Recovery may take months or never be fully achieved. Compare the unexplained under performance syndrome (UPS) which may apply in some instances previously classed as overtraining. See also burnout.

overtraining

training horses or dogs too hard so that they lose spirit.
References in periodicals archive ?
After the initial workload, the athlete experiences acute fatigue--the second phase of overtraining.
An overtraining response to the exercise protocol was demonstrated by a decreased performance level, despite increased training and subsequent lack of recovery within 3 weeks, and despite decreased training volume in t4 (9).
One thing's for sure, jockeys will not succumb to burnout due to overtraining.
A common saying among sports nutritionists is "there is no such thing as overtraining--only under-eating" because a proper diet can help control cortisol, modulate inflammatory responses, promote tissue repair and prevent overtraining syndromes.
The expectation according to the above account is that overtrained rats learn both nonshift and reversal shift in Phase 3 more rapidly than nonovertrained ones, and that there is no significant difference in the rate of learning in Phase 3 shift between nonshift and reversal shift after both criterion training and overtraining.
Therefore, the purpose of this review is to define physiological indices of overtraining, examine psychological factors involved with youth sports, and suggest corrective alternatives for coaches to avoid overtraining of young athletes.
Some sports-medicine specialists believe that cross training may also reduce the risk of injury by moderating the "addiction" to a single sport that can result in overtraining.
There is a controversial suggestion that overtraining, especially if youre over 40, is not necessarily good for your heart.
O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar niveis de estresse oxidativo em camundongos da linhagem Balb-C submetidos a duas condicoes distintas de treinamento: treinamento moderado e progressivo de natacao (G-T) e inducao de overtraining (G-OVER).
They describe fatigue, the physiology of exercise training, and overtraining syndrome; periodization and managing recovery, including overtraining prevention, active recovery, and physiological aspects; strategies (stretching, hydration, nutrition, sleep, massage and physiotherapy, compression garments, local thermal applications, variations in thermal atmosphere, and water-immersion therapy); and considerations like gender differences, temperature and climate, and altitude.
Atrial fibrillation in athletes: implicit literature-based connections suggest that overtraining and subsequent inflammation may be a contributory mechanism.
Historically, the development of training distress symptoms has been discussed using a variety of terms such as overreaching, overtraining, staleness, overtraining syndrome, and burnout.