To Harry Levin's myths of Icarus and Phaeton as types of overreacher
(or Tromly's Tantalus), Grande superbly offers "the image of Zeus holding back the horses of the night, doubling a night of pleasure with his beloved and preventing the arrival of the sober daylight realities of duty, order, and reason" (14).
Harry Levin, The Overreacher
, A Study of Christopher Marlowe (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1952), 110.
39) See, for example, Harry Levin, The Overreacher
(Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1952), 31; and Douglas Cole, Suffering and Evil in the Plays of Christopher Marlowe (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962), 11-17.
Ward the English pirate is a Tamburlainean overreacher
, epitomizing the kind of self-fashioning for which I'm arguing that Jews had become a kind of figure: free of normal social bonds, contemptuous of religion, treasonous whenever it serves his purpose, and impossible to understand by observation because of his duplicity.
But in addition to Tamburlaine, might not Marlowe's The Jew of Malta be formative for Shakespeare's use of violent spectacle in developing Richard III as an overreacher
who savors covert confidence-sharing with the audience and mockery of Christian values?