Our recent discoveries of new ~hidden~ genes in the potyviruses, alphaviruses, arteriviruses, flaviviruses and influenza A virus have demonstrated that, even in the most well-studied and economically-important viruses, small overlapping genes
can remain undetected throughout decades of research.
2013a) and searched for overlap between this list and the list of differentially expressed, down-regulated, up-regulated, and overlapping genes
defined in this study.
SAT1 was one of the 246 overlapping genes
found in blood samples obtained from nine men with bipolar disorder.
New findings indicate that the role of genes and our understanding of inheritance are all the more complex, with RNA playing a greater role than expected, sections of DNA coding for more than one protein, overlapping genes
, single genes being located on multiple chromosomes, and epigenetic inheritance (Pearson, 2006; Pennisi, 2007; Flannery, 2010).
are emphasized as evidence of deliberate design, while the fact that these genes are a tiny minority of cases, often at the very ends of genes in genomes under extreme pressure, is downplayed.