ovariectomy


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oophorectomy

 [o″of-o-rek´to-me]
removal of one or both ovaries; done for tumors, severe infection, or certain other ovarian disorders. If this is done to a girl who has not yet reached puberty, it prevents the development of secondary sex characters. If both ovaries are removed from an adult woman, reproduction is not possible and the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are no longer produced. Called also ovariectomy.

o·var·i·ec·to·my

(ō-var'ē-ek'tŏ-mē),
Excision of one or both ovaries.
Synonym(s): oophorectomy
[ovario- + G. ektomē, excision]

ovariectomy

(ō-vâr′ē-ĕk′tə-mē)
n. pl. ovariecto·mies

ovariectomy

Oophorectomy The excision of one or more ovaries; ♀ castration

o·var·i·ec·to·my

(ō-var'ē-ek'tŏ-mē)
Excision of one or both ovaries.
Synonym(s): oophorectomy.
[ovario- + G. ektomē, excision]

ovariectomy

See OOPHORECTOMY.
References in periodicals archive ?
As compared to the SO CTRL NR group, both HT diet and ovariectomy (but not physical exercise) increased the aortic as well as cardiac MPO activity in a significant manner.
Effects of ovariectomy and resistance training on MMP-2 activity in skeletal muscle.
These results indicate the formation of changes leading to dysfunction of the endothelium of the blood channel in the bone tissue after ovariectomy. When administering combined treatment with these drugs, a statistically significant decrease in the coefficient of 1.68 [+ or -] 0.25 was found.
Elevated plasma osteocalcin levels following ovariectomy have been reported in previous studies [7-10] A similar finding was observed in the present study in the Ovx group; however, the alendronate group showed no change in the plasma osteocalcin levels, compared to the Shm group.
Time-course changes of blood pressure in conscious sham-operated and ovariectomy rats
King et al., "Initial application of reduced port surgery using the single port access technique for laparoscopic canine ovariectomy," Veterinary Surgery, vol.
Ovariectomy was found to lead to significantly decreased cardiac HO expression (HO-1: 39.86 [+ or -] 4.79%; HO-2: 48.0 [+ or -] 2.76%), and [E.sub.2] (HO-1: 95.14 [+ or -] 4.11%; HO-2: 100.14 [+ or -] 4.02%) or RAL (RAL 0.33, HO-1: 79.5 [+ or -] 3.42%; HO-2: 87.55 [+ or -] 3.85%, RAL 1, HO-1: 90.29 [+ or -] 4.43%; HO-2: 95.86 [+ or -] 4.03%) supplementation in the OVX rats completely restored the HO expression to the level observed in the heart of the ovary-intact females.
An another study indicated that, at 2 and 4 weeks after ovariectomy, the turnover rates of dopamine and noradrenaline in hippocampus and frontal cortex did not differ significantly between the sham-operated and ovariectomized rats.
Zheng, "Effect of ovariectomy on stimulating intracortical remodeling in rats," BioMed Research International, vol.
Fernandes, "Endogenous n-3 fatty acids protect ovariectomy induced bone loss by attenuating osteoclastogenesis," Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, vol.
Additionally, in order to confirm the success of ovariectomy, atrophied uterus was removed, nicked, and weighed.