ovarian


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ovarian

 [o-var´e-an]
pertaining to an ovary.
ovarian cancer cancer of the ovary, one of the leading causes of cancer-related death in women in the United States. Despite advances in treatment, the survival rate has risen only slightly since 1950. Although aggressive treatment in the early stages offers the best prognosis, detection before the malignancy reaches an advanced stage is difficult.

Signs and symptoms become more apparent as the tumor grows. The first finding is usually a pelvic mass noted on pelvic examination. However, if the patient is obese or has difficulty relaxing and cooperating with the examiner, the mass may not be felt. With increased size, the tumor compresses the surrounding pelvic structures, which may cause a feeling of fullness and pain in the pelvis or abdomen, abnormal uterine bleeding, urinary complaints, dyspareunia, and later ascites. Gastrointestinal symptoms such as heartburn, nausea, and anorexia may also be associated. Diagnosis is established when the mass is found during exploratory surgery and peritoneal cytology.

A plan of treatment is developed according to the stage of the disease. The modes of therapy include total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and a partial or complete omentectomy. Radiation and chemotherapy are administered after surgery to destroy malignant cells remaining in the abdominal cavity.
Patient Care. Among the major problems associated with ovarian malignancy are those related to abdominopelvic surgery, and the side effects of radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Additionally, the patient with advanced malignancy may suffer from the effects of ascites, which can cause discomfort and shortness of breath, and pleural effusion, which can produce cough, dyspnea, and chest pain. Nutritional problems and emaciation can occur because of a host of factors such as nausea and anorexia, fullness and discomfort of ascites, and tumor involvement of the intestines. Moreover, cancer itself interferes with normal metabolism of nutrients. Intestinal obstruction or other complications related to digestion, absorption, and excretion are the major causes of death in the patient with ovarian cancer.

While specific measures to prevent ovarian cancer are not known, health care providers can encourage early detection by stressing the importance of regular gynecologic examinations and teaching women to recognize the signs and symptoms of ovarian tumors.
ovarian vein syndrome obstruction of the ureter, usually on the right side, due to compression by an enlarged or varicose ovarian vein; typically the vein becomes enlarged during pregnancy, the symptoms being those of obstruction or infection of the upper urinary tract.

o·var·i·an

(ō-var'ē-ăn),
Relating to the ovary.

ovarian

(ō-vâr′ē-ən) also

ovarial

(-əl)
adj.
Of or relating to an ovary.

ovarian

adjective Referring to one or more ovaries

o·var·i·an

(ō-var'ē-ăn)
Relating to the ovary.
References in periodicals archive ?
TUESDAY, June 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- The addition of ovarian suppression to tamoxifen is associated with increased survival versus tamoxifen alone among premenopausal women with breast cancer, according to a study published online June 4 in the New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, held from June 1 to 5 in Chicago.
Holding her rose aloft in First Minister's Questions on Tuesday, Jane Hutt asked the First Minister to respond to Ovarian Cancer Action's call for a national clinical audit of ovarian cancer in Wales.
About 20% of all ovarian cancers are caused by a genetic mutation.
In the last decade, interest of ovarian transplantation has grown as an option for infertility treatments or cryopreservation of genetic materials, which may applied for superior animals and/or endangered species and human as well.
With your help, we can change this and protect future generations from the devastating effects of ovarian cancer.
"How many women must visit their GP with similar symptoms, the majority of which being perfectly fine?" Bev, who had sons aged four, 10 and 12 at the time, was diagnosed with stage one ovarian cancer and had a radical hysterectomy, followed by chemotherapy which led to her losing her hair.
Katherine Taylor Chief Executive of Ovarian Cancer Action 8-12 High Street Camden London
A 49-year-old Japanese woman, gravid 3 para 3, was referred to our hospital with a diagnosis of right ovarian cyst.
Conclusion: Among the histomorphologic variants of ovarian tumors, benign tumors are more common than malignant ones for all age groups.
Since the invasion and metastasis of tumors largely depend on the degradation of ECM, expression of MMP-2 plays a positive role in the progression of ovarian cancer.
Then after ovulation induction using the antagonist protocol the response to ovulation induction was determined by number of follicles restored (number of follicles produced as a result of ovarian stimaulation), quality of oocytes retrieved was noted (analysis of various aspects of oocyte morphology, cytoplasm, zona pellucid and polar body via conventional phase contrast microscoy had generated a criteria of good, moderate and bad quality oocytes), also the oocytes fertilized and inseminated were noted.