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the yield or total of anything produced by any functional system of the body. When measuring output for a patient record, the volume of urine, drainage from tubes, vomitus, and any other measurable liquid should be recorded.
cardiac output the effective volume of blood expelled by either ventricle of the heart per unit of time (generally per minute); it usually refers to left ventricle output. It is equal to the stroke volume multiplied by the heart rate. Normal values are 4 to 8 liters per minute.
decreased cardiac output a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as a state in which inadequate blood is pumped by the heart to meet the metabolic demands of the body. The most obvious causative factors are pathologic changes in the heart's muscle or electrical conduction system, congenital heart defects, electrolyte imbalances (as of calcium or potassium), blood dyscrasias, and chronic pulmonary disease. Factors that could lead to changes in a patient's functional capacities because of decreased cardiac output might include physical exercise of a type or intensity that the patient cannot tolerate because of diminished oxygen supply, ingestion of large meals that place an added workload on the heart, obesity, retention of fluid (edema), hypovolemia or hypervolemia, emotional stress, and smoking.
Patient Care. Nursing interventions are planned only after a thorough nursing assessment has been conducted to collect the relevant subjective and objective data. For example, it may be that the patient will need instruction and guidance in limiting sodium intake, reducing caloric intake to lose excess fat and maintain normal body weight, decreasing fat consumption to reduce blood lipid levels, or otherwise striving for dietary management of the problem.
energy output the energy a body is able to manifest in work or activity.
stroke output stroke volume.
urinary output the amount of urine secreted by the kidneys. See also fluid balance.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
The quantity produced, ejected, or excreted of a specific entity in a specified period of time or per unit of time, for example, urinary sodium output; the opposite of intake or input.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
The amount produced, ejected, or excreted by an organism or part in a specified period of time.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
noun The electrical stimulus generated by a pulse generator and intended to trigger a depolarisation in the chamber of the heart being paced.
noun The volume of blood pumped through the heart in a given unit of time.
noun Data produced by a computer in response to a command.
verb To transfer data regardless of format and type to a specific location—e.g., to another computer or peripheral device (e.g., a printer).
noun The level of productivity of a clinical laboratory.
noun A thing produced—e.g., urinary output.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
outputCardiac pacing The electrical stimulus generated by a pulse generator and intended to trigger a depolarization in the chamber of the heart being paced. See Impulse Medicine A thing produced–eg, urinary output. See Basal acid output, Cardiac output, Maximum acid output, Peak acid, Standard output, Stimulated acid output Sexology See Put out.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The quantity produced, ejected, or excreted of a specific entity in a specified period of time or per unit time, e.g., urinary sodium output.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
The quantity produced, ejected, or excreted of a specific entity in a specified period of time or per unit time, e.g., urinary sodium output; the opposite of intake or input.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012