The same investigators profiled 200 women who were considered in the 1950s to have "ideal labor"--meaning term, vertex, singleton pregnancies--but the women commonly received considerable amounts of morphine and may or may not have had instrumented deliveries using outlet forceps
Even with the most basic outlet forceps
, I always will say, 'Are we ready to go in the OR in case we need it?
All of the forceps deliveries were low to outlet forceps
and, therefore, we cannot comment on the effects of rotation or mid-forceps deliveries.
The risks of morbidity that are associated with low-forceps and outlet forceps
deliveries using less than 45-degree rotations are acceptable.