A previous survey of the literature (Husband and Schemske 1996) found that inbreeding depression in predominantly selfing taxa was less than that in outcrossed
taxa for early life stages but not for later ones.
Pollination date and panicle section were considered to be fixed effects in the SAS model: outcross
= date section(date), and residual error was used to test significance of date and panicle section effects.
To estimate inbreeding depression for each maternal parent, we created sets of self and outcross
Prezygotic self-in-compatibility is not important with equivalent numbers of fertile self and outcross
ovules present at 16 wk after controlled pollination (Sedgley et al.
Seed number data were analyzed using a three-way ANOVA with population, pollination type (hand outcrossed
vs natural), and flower location (bottom, middle, and top of inflorescence) as fixed effects.
The bull is a grandson of Denmire Strom Marie EX94 and is a total outcross
, with no Goldwyn, Shottle or Oman in his pedigree.
As compared to outcrossed
controls, this is expressed as significantly fewer larvae released, reduced rates of metamorphic initiation and completion, and decreased survival and fecundity.
A SCC improver whose daughters also combine excellent temperament with good milking speed, Dreamer's outcross
pedigree means he can be used on most major bloodlines without fear of inbreeding.
flowers were selectively retained to fruit, and flowe rs receiving a mixed outcross
load were selectively retained over single-outcross flowers in one population.
Dubawi, a son of Dubai Millennium from the Mr Prospector line, presented a useful outcross
for Treve, who has two prevalent sire influences close-up in her pedigree, being a daughter of Motivator and great-granddaughter of Sadler's Wells out of a mare by Danzig's son Anabaa.
(X) treatment produced significantly more fruits per treatment flower (0.47 [+ or -] 0.04) than the autogamy (A; 0.04 [+ or -] 0.01), geitonogamy (G; 0.02 [+ or -] 0.01), and open control (O; 0.24 [+ or -] 0.03) treatments.
"We are delighted that we can offer such a choice of sires and outcross