As these economic turf wars increase in intensity, doctors malign midwives and out-of-hospital birth
, nurses malign nurse-midwives, and nurse-midwives malign direct-entry midwives," she explains.
In America today, a minority of people elect an out-of-hospital birth
either in a birth center or at home attended by a midwife.
Women are learning they can choose out-of-hospital births
and homebirths," Gilkey says.
The percentage of out-of-hospital births
attended by CNMs also increased by 6%, from 28.
Other types, including certified professional midwives and direct-entry midwives, are not licensed in Massachusetts and typically attend home or other out-of-hospital births
dropped from 44 percent in 1940 to around 1 percent in 1969, which is still the current rate.