Ultrahigh frequencies up to 12 KHz have also been reported to be finely tuned to the effect of damaging environmental factors such as noise and ototoxic
drugs (Campbell, 2007).
We compiled information on their demographic data, including education level, as well as the duration of otologic and other associated symptoms before presentation, the type of ototoxic
agent implicated, the disease for which the agent was indicated, other clinical features, the results of basic audiologic investigations (audiometry and tympanometry), the treatment modalities that were offered, and follow-up visits.
Effective intervention is needed to improve industrial safety of individuals experiencing ototoxic
effects of solvents.
In mammals, spiral ganglion neurons are hardly recovered from injury [71, 72] and the auditory nerve fibers often degenerate after ototoxic
insult, including noise damage and ototoxic
Prematurity and low birth weight, asphyxia, hyperbilirubinaemia, use of aminoglycosides and other ototoxic
drugs, bacterial meningitis and intrauterine infections, craniofacial anomalies and prolonged mechanical ventilation are among the high risk factors.
effects of occupational exposure to styrene and co-exposure to styrene and noise.
Figure 3(b) shows the startle responses versus ototoxic
The increasing annual frequency of 300% for new cisplatin-receiving patients who were audiologically monitored during treatment between 2006 and 2010 can be attributed to improved awareness of the ototoxic
effects of cisplatin on the part of SA oncologists.
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine audiometric hearing status, while controlling for the potential confounding factors of age, sex, noise exposure, and use of ototoxic
medications, in a large group of individuals with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) and secondary progressive MS (SPMS), and a control group of individuals without MS to answer the following questions: (1) Does audiometric hearing status differ between individuals with and without MS?
Hair cells are commonly lost due to chronic noise exposure, or as a result of aging, certain viral infections or exposure to ototoxic
However, this medical management may have ototoxic
side-effects, which place the neonate at risk for hearing impairment.
There is also evidence that styrene is hepatotoxic and pneumotoxic (Chung, Shen, Jiang, Yuan, & Zheng, 2012; Chung, Yuan, Liu, & Zheng, 2006), it decreases reproduction capacity (Chamkhia, Sakly, & Ben Rhouma, 2006), it is ototoxic
(Lawton, Hoffmann, & Triebig, 2006; Morata & Campo, 2002; Nies, 2012), and it can cause a slowdown in growth and development (Durusoy & Karababa, 2011).