otitis media with effusion


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Related to otitis media with effusion: Glue ear, Acute otitis media

otitis media with effusion

Secretory otitis media, see there.

otitis media with effusion

The presence of fluid in the middle ear without signs or symptoms of acute infection. This causes retraction of the eardrum. Upon examination, a level of air fluid may be seen through the tympanic membrane. The cause of the obstruction may be enlarged adenoid tissue in the pharynx, inflammation in the pharynx, tumors in the pharyngeal area, or allergy. Synonym: allergic otitis media; nonsuppurative otitis media; secretory otitis media; serous otitis media

Treatment

Nasal decongestants may afford symptomatic relief. The use of antibiotics is controversial. Adenoidectomy and bilateral myringotomy may be necessary if conservative measures, including insertion of a ventilation or tympanostomy tube, are not effective. Adenoidectomy is not advisable in children under 4 years of age. See: tympanocentesis; tympanostomy tube

CAUTION!

The routine use of grommets, also called ventilation tubes, as part of the initial therapy for otitis media is not advised. Their use should be reserved for persistent or recurrent infections that have failed to respond to appropriate therapy.
See also: otitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Isolation of Alloiococcus otitidis from Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian children with chronic otitis media with effusion.
Sample size was calculated using 13% proportion of Otitis media with effusion, 95% confidence level and 5% margin of error using WHO software for sample size determination.
Is there a relationship between proximity to industry and the occurrence of otitis media with effusion in school entrant children?
Sometimes otitis media with effusion can become chronic and, even when the infection clears, fluid can remain in the middle ear for months.
Known as otitis media with effusion, this condition often shows no symptoms such as pain or fever.
Two common causes of conductive loss include impacted cerumen (wax) and otitis media with effusion (fluid), referred to as OME.
Although increasing concerns about the risks of resistance to antibiotics recently led doctors to recommend "watchful waiting" as the first line of treatment(a), more than 10 million antibiotic prescriptions are written annually to treat middle ear fluid or Otitis Media with Effusion (OME).
Almost all children with cleft palate (CP) develop chronic otitis media with effusion (COME).
INTRODUCTION: Otitis media with effusion is one of the commonest chronic otological conditions of childhood.
Otitis media with effusion is the most common cause of hearing impairment in children resulting from inflammatory conditions in middle ear characterized by inflammatory cells infiltration in sub-mucosal layer, cellular proliferation in mucosal layer and epithelium of middle ear, and aggregation of neutrophils and macrophages and lymphocytes in middle ear fluid (1,2).