otitis media with effusion


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Related to otitis media with effusion: Glue ear, Acute otitis media

otitis media with effusion

Secretory otitis media, see there.

otitis media with effusion

The presence of fluid in the middle ear without signs or symptoms of acute infection. This causes retraction of the eardrum. Upon examination, a level of air fluid may be seen through the tympanic membrane. The cause of the obstruction may be enlarged adenoid tissue in the pharynx, inflammation in the pharynx, tumors in the pharyngeal area, or allergy. Synonym: allergic otitis media; nonsuppurative otitis media; secretory otitis media; serous otitis media

Treatment

Nasal decongestants may afford symptomatic relief. The use of antibiotics is controversial. Adenoidectomy and bilateral myringotomy may be necessary if conservative measures, including insertion of a ventilation or tympanostomy tube, are not effective. Adenoidectomy is not advisable in children under 4 years of age. See: tympanocentesis; tympanostomy tube

CAUTION!

The routine use of grommets, also called ventilation tubes, as part of the initial therapy for otitis media is not advised. Their use should be reserved for persistent or recurrent infections that have failed to respond to appropriate therapy.
See also: otitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Medical versus surgical management of otitis media with effusion in children.
American Academy of Family Physicians; American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery; American Academy of Pediatrics Subcommittee on Otitis Media With Effusion. Otitis media with effusion.
Otitis media with effusion: a possible role for Helicobacter pylori?
The role of IgE-mediated hypersensitivity in the development of otitis media with effusion. Otolaryng Clinics of Nth America.
It likely occurs in a small percentage of adults each year, though there is a paucity of data about adult-onset otitis media with effusion (OME).
Craniofacial morphology and otitis media with effusion in children.
And, many of these trials excluded children younger than 2 years old and included many children who likely did not have AOM at all or had otitis media with effusion.
Chronic otitis media with effusion is a persistent inflammation of the middle ear, in which effusion fluid is retained in the middle ear cavity.
Glue ear is the popular name for Otitis Media with Effusion (OME), a consequence of earlier acute infection of the middle ear.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Otolaryngologists developed a new stainless steel device to insert into the ear that provides an easier, safer and faster treatment for a common problem associated with earaches, chronic otitis media with effusion.
Meta-analysis of antibiotics for the treatment of otitis media with effusion. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1992; 106: 378-386.
Thirty-three chapters have been revised in order to address state-of-the-art genetic diagnosis of hereditary hearing loss, management of superior canal dehiscence and variants of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, evidence-based management of otitis media with effusion, T-cell initiation of autoimmune inner ear disease, middle ear and brainstem implantable hearing devices, and other advances.