otitic hydrocephalus


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o·tit·ic hy·dro·ceph·a·lus

a form of hydrocephalus associated with otitis media and thrombosis of one or both sigmoid sinuses of the dura, characterized by marked increase in cerebrospinal fluid pressure.

idiopathic intracranial hypertension

A neurological disorder characterised by an idiopathic increase in intracranial pressure in the absence of organic disease; it is more common in young women, especially if obese.
 
Clinical findings
Headache, nausea, vomiting, pulsatile tinnitus, double vision and other visual symptoms; with time, swelling of the optic disc and blindness.
 
Workup
Brain scan and a lumbar puncture to exclude organic disease.

Management
Acetazolamide, or surgery to relieve the pressure.
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