In fruit inoculated into the ostioles
and without wound, the incubation period was 4 days.
5 [micro]m long, black septate surrounding the ostiole
Abdominal margins reddish dorsally; dorsal median plates dark brown, with light brown spots medially and adjacent to ostioles
of dorsal abdominal scent glands; dorsolateral plates pale; abdomen reddish ventrally; ventral plates dark brown.
Thoracie pleura and sterna: Metathoracic scent gland ostiole
associated with an elongate, evenly curved peritreme terminating relatively far from lateral margin of metapleuron (Fig.
In MLG, the two cell layers adjacent to the abaxial epidermis and the 2-3 cells close to the ostiole
Within this context, several other management techniques are being adapted and developed, such as the use of fig ostiole
protectors, which make it difficult for Z.
boydii are classified as cleistothecia because they are round, closed and do not have ostioles
(pores) for the release of ascospores.
Fruiting bodies: Stromata brick-red at maturity, eventually turning brownish-black to black with age; hemispherical, 3-7 mm across, confluent forming extensive lobed crusts; surface papillate with protruding tips of perithecia but ostiolar necks do not extend beyond the crust of the stroma; ostioles
breaking exposing pore into perithecium.
1B) with peritreme thumb-like, anteriorly narrowed and posteriorly broad reaching less than half of evaporatoria, ostioles
very much developed slit-like, anterior and posterior margin of peritreme distinctly sinuated; distance base scutellum-apex clavus 3.
4 mm); elongated; generally brown with dark brown punctures; head usually broader than long; paraclypei longer than clypeus and enclosing the clypeus; antennae with basal segment equal or shorter than head apex, second antennal segment longer or slightly longer than third but shorter than fourth; labium reaching or passing beyond middle coxae; pronotum with lateral margin slightly convex, anterior angles slightly toothed or rounded, humeral angles rounded or subrounded; scutellum long and rounded or subrounded at apex; metathoracic scent ostioles
small with large peritreme.