osteotomy


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osteotomy

 [os″te-ot´ah-me]
incision or transection of a bone.
cuneiform osteotomy removal of a wedge of bone.
displacement osteotomy surgical division of a bone and shifting of the divided ends to change the alignment of the bone or to alter weight-bearing stresses.
Le Fort osteotomy transverse sectioning and repositioning of the maxilla; the incision for each of the three types (Le Fort I, II, and III o's) is placed along the line defined by the corresponding Le Fort's fracture.
linear osteotomy the sawing or simple cutting of a bone.
sagittal split osteotomy surgically splitting the ramus of the mandible sagitally and shifting the positions of the parts, performed to correct prognathism.

os·te·ot·o·my

(os'tē-ot'ŏ-mē),
Cutting a bone, usually by means of a saw or osteotome.
[osteo- + G. tomē, incision]

osteotomy

/os·te·ot·o·my/ (os″te-ot´ah-me) incision or transection of a bone.
cuneiform osteotomy  removal of a wedge of bone.
displacement osteotomy  surgical division of a bone and shifting of the divided ends to change the alignment of the bone or to alter weight-bearing stresses.
Le Fort osteotomy  transverse sectioning and repositioning of the maxilla; the incision for each of the three types (Le Fort I, II, and III o's) is placed along the line defined by the corresponding Le Fort fracture.
Le Fort III osteotomy.
linear osteotomy  the sawing or linear cutting of a bone.
sandwich osteotomy  a surgical procedure for augmenting an atrophic mandible, resembling a visor osteotomy but having a horizontal split confined between the mental foramina.
visor osteotomy  a surgical technique for augmenting an atrophic mandible, in which the mandible is split sagitally and the cranial fragment is slid upward and supported with grafts.

osteotomy

(ŏs′tē-ŏt′ə-mē)
n. pl. osteoto·mies
Surgical division or sectioning of bone.

os′te·ot′o·mist n.

osteotomy

[os′tē·ot′əmē]
Etymology: Gk, osteon + temnein, to cut
the sawing or cutting of a bone. Kinds of osteotomy include block osteotomy, in which a section of bone is excised; cuneiform osteotomy to remove a bone wedge; and displacement osteotomy, in which a bone is redesigned surgically to alter the alignment or weight-bearing stress areas.

os·te·ot·o·my

(os'tē-ot'ŏ-mē)
Cutting a bone, usually by means of a saw or chisel.
[osteo- + G. tomē, incision]

osteotomy

Surgical cutting or sectioning of bone.

os·te·ot·o·my

(os'tē-ot'ŏ-mē)
Cutting a bone.
[osteo- + G. tomē, incision]

osteotomy

incision or transection of a bone.

bulla osteotomy
a surgical procedure that drains the middle ear cavity, usually in the treatment of otitis media. Several different techniques may be used to penetrate the ventral or lateral portion of the tympanic bulla.
cuneiform osteotomy
removal of a wedge of bone.
cranial tibial wedge osteotomy
a wedge of bone is removed from below the tibial crest to reshape the slope of the tibial plateau. Used in the treatment of cranial cruciate ligament rupture.
displacement osteotomy
surgical division of a bone and shifting of the divided ends to change the alignment of the bone or to alter weight-bearing stresses.
linear osteotomy
the sawing or simple cutting of a bone.
pelvic osteotomy
a surgical technique used to reposition the acetabulum; used in the treatment of hip dysplasia in dogs. Involves an osteotomy of the ilium, ischium and pubis, that is, triple pelvic osteotomy.
tibial plateau leveling osteotomy
a patented orthopedic technique for treatment of cranial cruciate ligament rupture. The slope of the tibial plateau is reduced causing tibial forces on the stifle joint to shift from cranial to caudal with a greater reliance on the caudal cruciate ligament for stability.
wedge osteotomy
see cuneiform osteotomy (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
Between February 2009 and December 2013, 263 consecutive AS patients who underwent a spinal osteotomy for sagittal imbalance at our institution were retrospectively reviewed.
Keywords: Developmental dysplasia of the hip, osteotomy, avascular necrosis
A) Solid polyamide 12 rod from group G3; B and C) Hollow polyamide 12 rod from group G4; D) Load deflexion curves of intact femurs not subjected to drilling or osteotomy, group GI; E) Load deflexion curves of intact femurs subjected to drilling but not osteotomy, group G2; F) Load deflexion curves of the solid and hollow rods, G3 (n=2) and G4 (n=2), respectively; G) Load deflexion curves of group G5, bone-implant system with solid polyamide 12 intramedullary rod interlocked with 2316L stainless steel orthopaedic screws in each osteotomized bone fragment; H) Load deflexion curves of group G6, bone-implant system with hollow polyamide 12 intramedullary rod interlocked with 2316L stainless steel orthopaedic screws in each osteotomized bone fragment.
Lateral osteotomy is indicated for closing the dorsal open roof, narrowing the nasal pyramid, and straightening the nasal bones.
Once the osteotomy is obtained, the distal end of the heel bone needs to be pressed 1 cm medially and then displaced downward, being careful not to put it in varus.
The effect of triple pelvic osteotomy on the articular contact area of the hip joint in dysplastic dogs: an in vitro experimental study.
In our study, we had ten patients with cubitus varus deformity who were treated with lateral closing wedge osteotomy fixed with posterior plating between May 2015 and December 2015.
Caption: Figure 4: Bio-model showing the osteotomy, internal fixation and augmentation.
Sliding osteotomy for deformity correction following malunion of volarly displaced distal radius fractures.
Osteotomy of femoral head was done below the neck level so as to remove the head and neck completely (Fig.
At 6 weeks after ORIF, a Pauwels intertrochanteric varus osteotomy [12] was performed to stabilize the superolateral instability.
The surgical correction includes the closure of the bladder and the abdominal wall, together with approximation of the pelvis rami by means of osteotomy and external fixation.