osteopenia


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osteopenia

 [os″te-o-pe´ne-ah]
reduced bone mass due to a decrease in the rate of osteoid synthesis to a level insufficient to compensate normal bone lysis. The term is also used to refer to any decrease in bone mass below the normal. adj., adj osteopen´ic.

os·te·o·pe·ni·a

(os'tē-ō-pē'nē-ă),
1. Decreased calcification or density of bone; a descriptive term applicable to all skeletal systems in which such a condition is noted; carries no implication about causality.
2. Reduced bone mass due to inadequate osteoid synthesis.
[osteo- + G. penia, poverty]

osteopenia

(ŏs′tē-ə-pē′nē-ə)
n.
A generalized reduction in bone mass that is less severe than that resulting from osteoporosis, caused by the resorption of bone at a rate that exceeds bone synthesis.

osteopenia

A ↓ in bone linked to estrogen deficiency seen in ♀ with hypogonadism due to hyperprolactinemia, ↑ exercise, anorexia nervosa, hypothalamic amenorrhea, or in Pts receiving gonadotropin-releasing hormone–.
GnRH analogues. See Post-renal transplant osteopenia warch out.

os·te·o·pe·ni·a

(os'tē-ō-pē'nē-ă)
1. Decreased calcification or density of bone; a descriptive term applicable to all skeletal systems in which such a condition is noted; carries no implication about causality.
2. Reduced bone mass due to inadequate osteoid synthesis.
[osteo- + G. penia, poverty]

Osteopenia

Reduction in bone mass, usually caused by a lowered rate of formation of new bone that is insufficient to keep up with the rate of bone destruction. Osteopenia often occurs together with amenorrhea and eating disorders in female athletes. It can lead to premature osteoporosis if left untreated.
Mentioned in: Menstrual Disorders

os·te·o·pe·ni·a

(os'tē-ō-pē'nē-ă)
1. Decreased calcification or density of bone; a descriptive term applicable to all skeletal systems in which such a condition is noted; carries no implication about causality.
2. Reduced bone mass due to inadequate osteoid synthesis.
[osteo- + G. penia, poverty]

Patient discussion about osteopenia

Q. is bone loss related to Arthritis?

A. It depends on the kind of arthritis. In some arthritic diseases there's local bone loss, and generalized bone loss (osteoporosis) may result from steroids used to treat arthritic diseases.

You may read more here:
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/osteoporosis.html

Q. is there is any relation between not enough acid and arthritis?is bone loss is another factor in this decease?

A. Do you refer to less of acid secretion in the stomach (hypochlorhydia)? If so, then sjogren syndrome is a disease that cause both lack of acid in the stomach (due to chronic inflammation of the stomach, called atrophic gastritis) and arthritis (sometimes osteoarthritis).

Bone loss (osteoporosis) is actually associated with LOWER risk for osteoarthritis, although it has its own detrimental effects, so one should treat osteoporosis (and prevent osteoarthritis in other ways).

Q. Is osteoporosis preventable? My mother had osteoporosis and I already have osteopenia which may lead to it. How can I prevent it??

A. Prevention of osteoporosis, in it's strict sense, is done mainly during childhood through early adulthood (third decade) - the years during which the peak bone density is determined. At older age, treatment of osteoporosis, apart from medications, include vitamin D and calcium supplementation, physical activity and avoiding smoking and excess alcohol consumption.

There are also medications to treat osteoporosis, mainly from the bisphosphanate class. However, remember to consult your doctor before you make any change in your diet or start exercise program.

You may read more here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/osteoporosis.html

More discussions about osteopenia
References in periodicals archive ?
Additionally, it is anticipated that incidence of osteopenia is about 40 million in Pakistanis, and both genders are equally suffering from this problem.
This trial's findings underscore the importance of age as a risk factor for fragility fracture and clarify that pharmacologic treatment is appropriate not only for women with osteoporosis but also for older postmenopausal women with osteopenia.
The researchers randomized 2,000 women aged 65 years and older with osteopenia to receive four infusions of zoledronate or a saline placebo every 18 months.
"The current trial showed that treatment with zoledronate every 18 months, with minimal use of calcium supplements, reduced the risk of fragility fractures (vertebral and non-vertebral) over the course of six years in older women with hip bone mineral density characterized as osteopenia," the authors write.
Anthea, who rose to fame presenting Top Of The Pops in the Eighties and hosted Blue Peter for two years in the Nineties, found out following a bone density scan that she had osteopenia in her spine and hip bones.
Frequencies were calculated for categorical variables i.e.bone status (osteopenia, osteoporosis, normal BMD) and Child Pugh Class (i.e.
Around three-quarters had weak bones (osteoporosis or osteopenia in the legs).
In a survey on different age of people when they went through the test, women and girls were found having severe deficiencies of calcium and vitamin D that led to Osteopenia, said Dr Waseem Malik, Nutritionist.
Among 32 (32%) patients with osteopenia, 22 (68.75%) had uncontrolled diabetes and 10 (31.25%) had controlled diabetes.
DXA scan showed a T score of -1.0 at the lumbar spine and -1.6 at the left femoral neck suggestive of osteopenia. Table 1 shows further details of the DXA scan.
(2) A T-score within the normal range is -1.0 SD or above, while a T-score between -1.0 and -2.5 SD characterizes low bone mass, referred to as osteopenia. The current standard method for assessment of BMD is dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) of the hip and/or spine, and actually the T-score values for osteoporosis and osteopenia diagnosis are validated by WHO only when measured by DXA.
He also claimed he sustained a broken neck during surgery and was recently diagnosed with bone disease osteopenia.