osteopenia


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osteopenia

 [os″te-o-pe´ne-ah]
reduced bone mass due to a decrease in the rate of osteoid synthesis to a level insufficient to compensate normal bone lysis. The term is also used to refer to any decrease in bone mass below the normal. adj., adj osteopen´ic.

os·te·o·pe·ni·a

(os'tē-ō-pē'nē-ă),
1. Decreased calcification or density of bone; a descriptive term applicable to all skeletal systems in which such a condition is noted; carries no implication about causality.
2. Reduced bone mass due to inadequate osteoid synthesis.
[osteo- + G. penia, poverty]

osteopenia

/os·teo·pe·nia/ (os″te-o-pe´ne-ah)
1. reduced bone mass due to a decrease in the rate of osteoid synthesis to a level insufficient to compensate for normal bone lysis.
2. any decrease in bone mass below the normal.osteopen´ic

osteopenia

(ŏs′tē-ə-pē′nē-ə)
n.
A generalized reduction in bone mass that is less severe than that resulting from osteoporosis, caused by the resorption of bone at a rate that exceeds bone synthesis.

osteopenia

[-pē′nē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, osteon + penes, poverty
1 reduced bone mass due to a decrease in the rate of osteoid synthesis to a level insufficient to compensate normal bone lysis. See also osteoporosis.
2 any decrease in bone mass below the normal.
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Osteopenia

osteopenia

A ↓ in bone linked to estrogen deficiency seen in ♀ with hypogonadism due to hyperprolactinemia, ↑ exercise, anorexia nervosa, hypothalamic amenorrhea, or in Pts receiving gonadotropin-releasing hormone–.
GnRH analogues. See Post-renal transplant osteopenia warch out.

os·te·o·pe·ni·a

(os'tē-ō-pē'nē-ă)
1. Decreased calcification or density of bone; a descriptive term applicable to all skeletal systems in which such a condition is noted; carries no implication about causality.
2. Reduced bone mass due to inadequate osteoid synthesis.
[osteo- + G. penia, poverty]

Osteopenia

Reduction in bone mass, usually caused by a lowered rate of formation of new bone that is insufficient to keep up with the rate of bone destruction. Osteopenia often occurs together with amenorrhea and eating disorders in female athletes. It can lead to premature osteoporosis if left untreated.
Mentioned in: Menstrual Disorders

osteopenia

lower than normal bone mineral density.

osteopenia

decreased calcification or density of bone

os·te·o·pe·ni·a

(os'tē-ō-pē'nē-ă)
1. Decreased calcification or density of bone; a descriptive term applicable to all skeletal systems in which such a condition is noted; carries no implication about causality.
2. Reduced bone mass due to inadequate osteoid synthesis.
[osteo- + G. penia, poverty]

osteopenia (os´tēōpē´nə),

n the deterioration of bone density, decrease of calcification, or insufficient synthesis of uncalcified bone material.

osteopenia

reduced bone mass due to a decrease in the rate of osteoid synthesis to a level insufficient to compensate for normal bone lysis. The term is also used to refer to any decrease in bone mass below the normal.

Patient discussion about osteopenia

Q. is bone loss related to Arthritis?

A. It depends on the kind of arthritis. In some arthritic diseases there's local bone loss, and generalized bone loss (osteoporosis) may result from steroids used to treat arthritic diseases.

You may read more here:
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/osteoporosis.html

Q. is there is any relation between not enough acid and arthritis?is bone loss is another factor in this decease?

A. Do you refer to less of acid secretion in the stomach (hypochlorhydia)? If so, then sjogren syndrome is a disease that cause both lack of acid in the stomach (due to chronic inflammation of the stomach, called atrophic gastritis) and arthritis (sometimes osteoarthritis).

Bone loss (osteoporosis) is actually associated with LOWER risk for osteoarthritis, although it has its own detrimental effects, so one should treat osteoporosis (and prevent osteoarthritis in other ways).

Q. Is osteoporosis preventable? My mother had osteoporosis and I already have osteopenia which may lead to it. How can I prevent it??

A. Prevention of osteoporosis, in it's strict sense, is done mainly during childhood through early adulthood (third decade) - the years during which the peak bone density is determined. At older age, treatment of osteoporosis, apart from medications, include vitamin D and calcium supplementation, physical activity and avoiding smoking and excess alcohol consumption.

There are also medications to treat osteoporosis, mainly from the bisphosphanate class. However, remember to consult your doctor before you make any change in your diet or start exercise program.

You may read more here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/osteoporosis.html

More discussions about osteopenia
References in periodicals archive ?
9-11) Patients with HIV-infection have an increased risk of vertebral fractures (VF) due to osteoporosis and BMD assessed at any site fails to predict the risk of VF: 25% of patients with osteopenia and 12% of patients with normal BMD, according to DXA results, showed at least one previously undetected VF.
5 SD, osteopenia was defined as a T score between -1 and -2.
Keywords: Frequency, Bone mineral density, Osteopenia, Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.
Pearson correlation and binary logistic regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the impact of sarcopenia on BMD-based osteoporosis and/or osteopenia while controlling for the measured covariates such as age, postmenopausal period, body fatness, and daily physical activity.
Among the 1006 people studied, 611 (61%) had normal bone density near the top of the thigh bone, 358 (36%) had osteopenia, and 37 (4%) had osteoporosis (Figure 1).
3%) patients, osteopenia in 21 (35%) patients) and in lumbar vertebra L4 (five patients - 8.
En el ano 2004 la Sociedad Internacional de Densitometria Clinica (ISCD) sugirio que en los individuos menores de 20 anos, tanto varones como mujeres, la terminologia "baja densidad mineral osea para la edad cronologica" para referirnos a la presencia de osteopenia podria usarse cuando el Z-score (ajustada por edad, genero y tamano corporal) fuese menor de -2 desviaciones estandar (DE).
However, comparisons between the frequency of the risks of osteopenia and osteopenia at the femur and lumbar spine revealed a significant difference between the three groups.
Be aware that certain attributes raise your risk: being female, thin, white or Asian; having a history of eating disorders or metabolic problems; having gone through chemotherapy or radiation; regularly drinking sodas; smoking; limiting physical activity; drinking in excess; and having a family history of osteopenia or osteoporosis.
In the trial, researchers gave 81 healthy postmenopausal women with osteopenia, aged 56 to 73, nightly doses of 1 or 3 mg of melatonin or a placebo, and measured them at the beginning of the trial and after a year.
Osteoporosis and osteopenia are important health issues, particularly for postmenopausal women and for women who have menstrual irregularities, which is not uncommon among competitive and elite female runners.
Using these baseline BMD findings, the investigators divided people into tertiles at low risk, middle risk, and high risk of progression from normal BMD to osteopenia and from osteopenia to osteoporosis (Table 1).