osteolysis


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Related to osteolysis: osteocytic osteolysis

osteolysis

 [os″te-ol´ĭ-sis]
dissoluton of bone; applied especially to the removal or loss of calcium from the bone. adj., adj osteolyt´ic.

os·te·ol·y·sis

(os'tē-ol'i-sis), Avoid mispronunciation osteoly'sis.
Softening, absorption, and destruction of bony tissue, a function of the osteoclasts.
[osteo- + G. lysis, dissolution]

osteolysis

/os·te·ol·y·sis/ (os″te-ol´ĭ-sis) dissolution of bone; applied especially to the removal or loss of the calcium of bone.osteolyt´ic

osteolysis

(ŏs′tē-ŏl′ĭ-sĭs)
n.
Dissolution or degeneration of bone tissue through disease.

os′te·o·lyt′ic (-ə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.

osteolysis

[os′tē·ol′isis]
Etymology: Gk, osteon + lysis, loosening
the degeneration and dissolution of bone caused by disease, infection, or ischemia. The condition commonly affects the terminal bones of the hands and feet, such as in acro-osteolysis, and is seen in disorders involving blood vessels, such as Raynaud's disease, scleroderma, and systemic lupus erythematosus. osteolytic, adj.

os·te·ol·y·sis

(os'tē-ol'i-sis)
Softening, absorption, and destruction of bony tissue, a function of the osteoclasts.
[osteo- + G. lysis, dissolution]

osteolysis

Reabsorption or demineralization of bone.

os·te·ol·y·sis

(os'tē-ol'i-sis)
Softening, absorption, and destruction of bony tissue, a function of the osteoclasts.
[osteo- + G. lysis, dissolution]

osteolysis (os´tēol´əsis),

n a process of bone resorption whereby the bone salts can be withdrawn by a humoral mechanism and returned to the tissue fluids, leaving behind a decalcified bone matrix. Also called
halisteresis.

osteolysis

dissoluton of bone; applied especially to the removal or loss of calcium from the bone.
References in periodicals archive ?
The area under the ROC curve (AUC) obtained by ROC analysis of the osteoclast number as a parameter of osteolysis was 0.
Periprosthetic osteolysis must be carefully evaluated in relation to the presence of accompanying symptoms, duration, progression, cortex invasion and number of lesions (10).
Roles for the calcium sensing receptor in malignancy induced osteolysis
Based on their activity in inhibiting bone resorption by direct and indirect actions on osteoclasts, inhibiting the production of cytokines such as interleukin-6 by bone marrow stromal cells, and possibly altering tumor cell adhesion to the stroma (10), bisphosphonates such as pamidronate have been used in the treatment of multiple myeloma, tumor-associated osteolysis, hypercalcemia, Paget's disease, and osteoporosis (12, 13).
McMinn said he designed the device with the aim of preventing the osteolysis seen with polyethylene components.
1) Bony infiltrates are often seen, causing massive osteolysis, commonly at the diaphysis or metaphysis of the tibia and humerus, as well as ilium, skull, mandible, and vertebrae.
Well-defined areas of osteolysis are noted radiographically, with varying degrees of calcification and cortical thinning.
It is hoped the breakthrough, part of the work of an international group of scientists, will lead to treatments for the familial expansile osteolysis (FEO) form of Paget's disease.
Instead, they are left worrying about the long term health risks associated with metal poisoning from the chromium and cobalt debris in the tissues surrounding their implant while they wait to schedule a corrective revision surgery to minimize any permanent tissue damage or osteolysis that has begun.
Problems that surgeons encounter after insertion of a stemmed device include proximal bone loss from stress shielding, postoperative periprosthetic fractures, osteolysis from polyethylene debris, and prosthetic loosening.