osteointegration

osteointegration

The direct structural and functional connection between living bone and the surface of a load-bearing implant; osteointegrated implants have been used to treat edentulism, and for head and neck reconstruction to facilitate retention of auricular mandibular, maxillary, nasal, and orbital implants, and for bone-anchored hearing aids. See Dental implant.

osteointegration, (os´tēōin´təgrā´shən),

n the structural linkage made at the contact point where human bone and the surface of a synthetic, often titanium-based implant meet. Also called
osseointegration.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Several studies have attempted to treat osteonecrosis by transplanting exogenous stem cells (MSCs) either systemically or locally, or biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) ceramic scaffolds seeded with MSCs on inducing osteointegration and new bone formation.
Unwanted material contamination on implant surfaces affects osteointegration, stability and success.
In addition, they claimed that unresorbed granules within the newly formed bone were undesirable because it interfered with new bone growth and compromised the properties of the regenerated tissue, especially the osteointegration capacity.
Orthopedic polymers also offer the potential to be enhanced with additives to facilitate osteogenesis and/or osteointegration.
In addition, the natural surface roughness of powder bed printing has been found to accelerate osteointegration.
Osteoporosis will cause mandible resorption, which in turn cause the failure of osteointegration between the implant and the jaw bone [1].
In fact, the surface analysis of sol-gel materials and coatings has shown the presence of hydroxyl groups that can promote the nucleation of calcium and phosphate and, therefore, the osteointegration when those materials are implanted [18].
In both reports, osteointegration was successful with satisfactory functional results.
Second, this model only evaluated initial fixation and does not simulate the impact of any osseous integration; it is unknown whether implant osteointegration in the clinical situation may mitigate early fixation vulnerabilities.