osteodystrophy


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osteodystrophy

 [os″te-o-dis´trŏ-fe]
abnormal development of bone.
renal osteodystrophy a condition due to chronic kidney disease and renal failure, marked by impaired vitamin D metabolism, elevated serum phosphorus levels, low or normal serum calcium levels, and stimulation of parathyroid function. There may be any of various bone diseases, including osteitis fibrosa cystica, osteomalacia, osteoporosis, and sometimes osteosclerosis. If onset is in childhood, renal dwarfism may result.

os·te·o·dys·tro·phy

(os'tē-ō-dis'trō-fē),
Defective formation of bone.
Synonym(s): osteodystrophia
[osteo- + G. dys, difficult, imperfect, + trophē, nourishment]

osteodystrophy

Orthopedics A general term for defective development of bone. See Renal Osteodystrophy.

os·te·o·dys·tro·phy

(os'tē-ō-dis'trŏ-fē)
Defective formation of bone; common in dogs with chronic nephritis.
Synonym(s): osteodystrophia.
[osteo- + G. dys, difficult, imperfect, + trophē, nourishment]

osteodystrophy

Defective bone formation.

os·te·o·dys·tro·phy

(os'tē-ō-dis'trŏ-fē)
Defective formation of bone.
[osteo- + G. dys, difficult, imperfect, + trophē, nourishment]
References in periodicals archive ?
Alterations in mineral and bone metabolism among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have historically been termed renal osteodystrophy because of the characteristic bone changes that are apparent on biopsy.
Albright hereditary osteodystrophy with hypothyroidism, normocalcemia, and normal Gs protein activity: a family presenting with congenital osteoma cutis.
Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Maxillofacial Lesions in Renal Osteodystrophy. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery.
[4] Nonstandard abbreviations: PTH, parathyroid hormone; PHP, pseudohypoparathyroidism; RI, reference interval; AHO, Albright hereditary osteodystrophy; GNAS, GNAS complex locus; NESP55, neuroendocrine secretory protein-55.
y: year(s) old; PHP: pseudohypoparathyroidism; AHO: Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy.
(4) Mixed renal osteodystrophy is characterized by a combination of high bone turnover disease and mineralization defects [14].
Historically PHP is the first hormone-resistance syndrome, described by Albright et al (19) and characterized by hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and elevated PTH levels and Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO).
All alterations of bone metabolism that appear in the evolution of CLD are defined as hepatic osteodystrophy (HO) (2).
Association of Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms with end-stage renal disease and the development of high-turnover renal osteodystrophy in a Chinese population.
Earliest radiographic changes in osteodystrophy fibrosa are increased radiolucency, miliary mottling and progressive loss of the laminae durae dentes.
Osteodystrophy describes the various abnormalities in bone histo-morphology caused by bone turnover, mineralization, and volume that develops as a consequence of more severe forms of CKD-MBD (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes [KDIGO] CKD-MBD Work Group, 2009).