osteodystrophy


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osteodystrophy

 [os″te-o-dis´trŏ-fe]
abnormal development of bone.
renal osteodystrophy a condition due to chronic kidney disease and renal failure, marked by impaired vitamin D metabolism, elevated serum phosphorus levels, low or normal serum calcium levels, and stimulation of parathyroid function. There may be any of various bone diseases, including osteitis fibrosa cystica, osteomalacia, osteoporosis, and sometimes osteosclerosis. If onset is in childhood, renal dwarfism may result.

os·te·o·dys·tro·phy

(os'tē-ō-dis'trō-fē),
Defective formation of bone.
Synonym(s): osteodystrophia
[osteo- + G. dys, difficult, imperfect, + trophē, nourishment]

osteodystrophy

/os·teo·dys·tro·phy/ (-dis´trah-fe) abnormal development of bone.
renal osteodystrophy  a condition due to chronic kidney disease and renal failure, with elevated serum phosphorus levels, low or normal serum calcium levels, and stimulation of parathyroid function, resulting in a variable admixture of bone disease.

osteodystrophy

[-dis′trəfē]
Etymology: Gk, osteon + dys, bad, trophe, nourishment
any generalized defect in bone development, usually associated with disturbances in calcium and phosphorus metabolism and renal insufficiency, such as in renal osteodystrophy. Also called osteodystrophia.

osteodystrophy

Orthopedics A general term for defective development of bone. See Renal Osteodystrophy.

os·te·o·dys·tro·phy

(os'tē-ō-dis'trŏ-fē)
Defective formation of bone; common in dogs with chronic nephritis.
Synonym(s): osteodystrophia.
[osteo- + G. dys, difficult, imperfect, + trophē, nourishment]

osteodystrophy

Defective bone formation.

osteodystrophy

defective bone formation
  • Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy pseudohypoparathyroidism (or pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism) with diabetes, hypertension, arteritis and polyarthrosis

  • renal osteodystrophy osteomalacia associated with chronic renal failure

os·te·o·dys·tro·phy

(os'tē-ō-dis'trŏ-fē)
Defective formation of bone.
[osteo- + G. dys, difficult, imperfect, + trophē, nourishment]

osteodystrophy

diseases of bone in which there is failure of normal development or abnormal metabolism in bone which is already mature. Principal clinical signs are distortion and enlargement of bones, susceptibility to fracture, and abnormalities of gait and posture. See also osteodystrophia fibrosa.

hypertrophic osteodystrophy
a disease of unknown etiology that occurs in young, rapidly growing dogs primarily of the large or giant breeds, in which there is pain and soft tissue swelling usually around the distal radius, ulna and tibia, lameness, and varying degrees of fever, lethargy and anorexia. Periosteal new bone is formed around the metaphyses and sometimes diaphyses, contributing to the enlargement of the limbs. The cause is unknown but hypovitaminosis C has at various times been suggested. Called also Möller-Barlow's disease (from a similar human disease), Barlow's disease, skeletal scurvy, infantile scurvy, osteodystrophy II, metaphyseal osteopathy, canine hypertrophic osteodystrophy.
renal osteodystrophy
see renal secondary hyperparathyroidism.
Enlarge picture
Hypertrophic osteodystrophy in a 4-month-old Great Dane. By permission from Lamb CR, Diagnostic Imaging of the Dog and Cat, Mosby, 1993
References in periodicals archive ?
Radiologically, the maxillofacial changes of renal osteodystrophy have previously been broken down into three separate patterns.
Osteodystrophy in chronic viral hepatitis C--an underdiagnosed pathology.
The NKF Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) clinical practice guideline on definition, evaluation, and classification of renal osteodystrophy agrees that the diagnosis in this case can be made based on fracture history or the WHO criteria as in the general population (Uhlig et al.
Thus, if ESRD patients can be medically optimized preoperatively, (11) surgical fracture repair can be performed with similar orthopaedic results to those without ESRD, despite the renal osteodystrophy.
This case report describes the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of hypovitaminosis D in 3 red-legged seriema chicks and the corresponding secondary osteodystrophy and angular limb deformities of the proximal tarsometatarsi in 2 of the birds.
Renal osteodystrophy in predialysis and hemodialysis patients: comparison of histologic patterns and diagnostic predictivity of intact PTH.
Also we found the blood levels of kidney function tests, parathormone, calcium, phosphate, and alkaline phosphatase were in normal range so we can eliminate renal osteodystrophy, primer hyperparathyroidism or Paget's disease.
12 The most frequent dilemma in patients with Kidney failure is Renal Osteodystrophy.
In certain breeds, especially larger breeds, over-feeding can lead to an increased frequency of hypertrophic osteodystrophy (HOD), osteochondrosis (OCD) and hip dysplasia.
Hepatic osteodystrophy is a bone demineralizing condition, due to underlying hepatic dysfunction.
Glen A"Lion jaw" is the common name given to a disease called craniomandibular osteodystrophy.