osteochondroma


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Related to osteochondroma: osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma

osteochondroma

 [os″te-o-kon-dro´mah]
a benign bone tumor consisting of projecting adult bone capped by cartilage.

os·te·o·chon·dro·ma

(os'tē-ō-kon-drō'mă),
A benign cartilaginous neoplasm that consists of a pedicle of normal bone (protruding from the cortex) covered with a rim of proliferating cartilage cells; may originate from any bone that is preformed in cartilage, but is most frequent near the ends of long bones, usually in patients 10-25 years of age; the lesion is frequently not noticed, unless it is traumatized or of large size; multiple osteochondromas are inherited and referred to as hereditary multiple exostoses.
[osteo- + G. chondros, cartilage, + -oma, tumor]

os·te·o·chon·dro·ma

(os'tē-ō-kon-drō'mă)
A benign cartilaginous neoplasm that consists of a pedicle of normal bone covered with a rim of proliferating cartilage cells; multiple osteochondromas are inherited and referred to as hereditary multiple exostoses.
[osteo- + G. chondros, cartilage, + -oma, tumor]

osteochondroma

A bony protrusion capped with cartilage, occurring most commonly at the ends of long bones. These are thought to be disorders of bone growth rather than tumours, but occasionally malignant change supervenes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Spontaneous regression of solitary osteochondroma: reconsidering our approach.
Manifestations and management of osteochondromas: a retrospective analysis of 382 patients.
Khosla and Parry (2) have presented a case of a costal osteochondroma causing pneumothorax.
Non Neoplastic Neoplastic Benign Malignant Osteomyelitis-7 Giant cell tumour-12 Osteosarcoma-2 Tubercular Chondroblastoma Ewing's osteomyelitis-4 -2 sarcoma-1 Aneurysmal bone cyst-3 Enchondroma-2 Simple cyst-1 Osteoma-3 Fibrous dysplasia Osteochondroma -2 - 6 Non-ossifying fibroma-1 Total = 18 Total = 25 Total = 3 Table 4.
Osteochondromas are removed only when they cause pain, when they are the source of functional complaints (the compression of nerves or vessels), or for cosmetic reasons (3).
Osteochondroma could resemble as either osteoid osteoma or osteogenic sarcoma.
(10) The relationship between osteochondroma and Hoffa's syndrome is not yet clear.
From a total of 67 serum samples, 25 serum samples are from OS patients compared with the control group of 42 serum samples (16 from osteochondroma and 26 from normal human serum).
Pelvic radiographs showed left hip dysplasia (center edge angle (CEA) of 18 degrees) and left femur neck osteochondroma causing left hip subluxation (Figures 1(a) and 1(b)).
Certain tumors about the hip joint, such as an osteochondroma, might also require treatment.