osteochondritis dissecans


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osteochondritis

 [os″te-o-kon-dri´tis]
inflammation of bone and cartilage.
osteochondritis defor´mans juveni´lis osteochondritis of the capitular head of the epiphysis of the femur.
osteochondritis defor´mans juveni´lis dor´si osteochondrosis of vertebrae.
osteochondritis dis´secans osteochondritis resulting in the splitting of pieces of cartilage into the joint, particularly the knee joint or shoulder joint. The fragment of cartilage is called a joint mouse.

os·te·o·chon·dri·tis dis·se·cans

[MIM*165800]
complete or incomplete separation of a portion of joint cartilage and underlying bone, usually involving the knee, associated with epiphyseal aseptic necrosis.

os·te·o·chon·dri·tis dis·se·cans

(os'tē-ō-kon-drī'tis dis'sĕ-kanz)
Complete or incomplete separation of a portion of joint cartilage and underlying bone, usually involving the knee, associated with epiphysial aseptic necrosis.

osteochondritis dissecans

An inflammatory disorder of joints in which small fragments of cartilage or bone are released into the interior of the joint, causing swelling, pain and limitation of movement. In some cases loose bodies may have to be removed.

König,

Franz, German surgeon, 1832-1910.
König disease - complete or incomplete separation of joint cartilage and underlying bone, usually involving the knee. Synonym(s): osteochondritis dissecans

Patient discussion about osteochondritis dissecans

Q. What Is OCD? I have heard the term OCD on T.V and wanted to find out- what exactly is this syndrome?

A. OCD is a psychiatric disorder in which a person experiences obesessive thoughts and compulsions to do a ritual in order to "calm" these thoughts down. Obsessions can be recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced at some time during the disturbance. They are inappropriate and cause marked anxiety. Compulsions are defined by repetitive behaviors or mental acts that the person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession, or according to rules that must be applied rigidly. This disorder should be diagnosed only by a doctor.

Q. Is electric shock efficient for ocd? Is it dangerous? My husband has OCD for 15 years now. He was also diagnosed with mania-depressia. He takes so many medications and nothing really helps. We were offered to try electric shock and I'm scared. Is it dangerous? What are the chances of this method to work for him?

A. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is indeed considered effective for OCD, although it's not the first line of treatment. It does have its risks, including memory loss, disorientation and sort of confusion. There is also a change in the activity of the heart but it's rarely significant.

Generally it can be said that it's not an absolutely safe treatment, but it may help, especially if other drugs don't help.

You may read more here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003324.htm

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References in periodicals archive ?
Niethammer et al., "Discrepancy between morphological findings in juvenile osteochondritis dissecans (OCD): a comparison of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and arthroscopy," Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.
Tsuda et al., "Osteochondritis dissecans of the elbow: histopathological assessment of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone with emphasis on their damage and repair," Pathology International, vol.
The role of ankle arthroscopy in the treatment strategies of osteochondritis dissecans lesions of the talus.
Cartilage-derived biomarkers and lipid mediators of inflammation in horses with osteochondritis dissecans of the distal intermediate ridge of the tibia.
Among the most common bone abnormalities in young horses are osteochondrosis and OCD (osteochondritis dissecans) lesions.
They cover evaluating lesions and post-repair tissue in MRIs, making decisions in repair procedures, choosing non-operative treatments for symptomatic cartilage lesions, repairing by marrow stimulation and microfracture, stabilizing blood clots through chitosan-glycerol phosphate, conducting autologous transplantation (osteochondral, allograft and chondrocyte), conducting articular cartilage resurfacing using synthetic resorbable scaffolds, operating for cell-based repair, and performing knee osteotomy, osteochondritis dissecans, meniscus transpantation, repair strategies in the ankle joint and hip, and rehabilitation of the knee.
(1994) MRI of selected sports injuries: muscle tears, groin pain, and osteochondritis dissecans. Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRI 15, 318-340.
-- Otherwise healthy adolescents who had internal fixation surgery for osteochondritis dissecans of the knee returned to their sports activities about 8 months later, Dr.
(1) Cluette (2) suggests common causes of knee pain, including arthritis, ligament injuries, cartilage injuries, meniscal tears, patellar tendonitis, chondromalacia patella, Bakers cyst, bursitis, Osgood-Schlatter disease, osteochondritis dissecans and gout.
This was exacerbated by a rare bone disorder, osteochondritis dissecans, which threatened to cut short Henman's tennis career almost before it had started.
This condition is called osteochondritis dissecans (OCD).
9While still at school Tim was diagnosed with the bone disease osteochondritis dissecans, a condition that resulted in a nine-month break from tennis.

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