osteochondritis


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Related to osteochondritis: osteochondritis dissecans, costochondritis

osteochondritis

 [os″te-o-kon-dri´tis]
inflammation of bone and cartilage.
osteochondritis defor´mans juveni´lis osteochondritis of the capitular head of the epiphysis of the femur.
osteochondritis defor´mans juveni´lis dor´si osteochondrosis of vertebrae.
osteochondritis dis´secans osteochondritis resulting in the splitting of pieces of cartilage into the joint, particularly the knee joint or shoulder joint. The fragment of cartilage is called a joint mouse.

os·te·o·chon·dri·tis

(os'tē-ō-kon-drī'tis),
Inflammation of a bone and its overlying articular cartilage.
[osteo- + G. chondros, cartilage, + -itis, inflammation]

osteochondritis

/os·teo·chon·dri·tis/ (-kon-dri´tis) inflammation of bone and cartilage.
osteochondritis defor´mans juveni´lis  osteochondrosis of the capitular epiphysis of the femur.
osteochondritis defor´mans juveni´lis dor´si  osteochondrosis of vertebrae.
osteochondritis dis´secans  that resulting in splitting of pieces of cartilage into the affected joint.

osteochondritis

[-kəndrī′tis]
Etymology: Gk, osteon, bone, chondros, cartilage, itis, inflammation
a disease of the epiphyses, or bone-forming centers of the skeleton, that begins with necrosis and tissue fragmentation and is followed by repair and regeneration. Kinds of osteochondritis include osteochondritis deformans juvenilis, osteochondritis dissecans, osteochondritis ischiopubica, osteochondritis juvenilis, and osteochondritis necroticans.

osteochondritis

Orthopedics Inflammation of bone and joint surfaces–usually aseptic; note: A legacy of the German school of medicine was eponymic immortalization of osteochondritis in each joint
Osteochondritis eponyms
Freiberg's disease–metatarsal head
Haglund's disease–calcaneus
Köhler's disease–tarsal-navicular bones
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease–femoral head
Osgood-Schlatter disease–tibial tubercle
Panner's disease–humeral head
Sinding-Larsen-Johannson disease–patella
Thiemann's disease–metacarpal and metatarsal bones
Wegner's disease–osteochondritis with epiphyseal separation–congenital syphilis

os·te·o·chon·dri·tis

(os'tē-ō-kon-drī'tis)
Inflammation of a bone and its articular cartilage.
[osteo- + G. chondros, cartilage, + -itis, inflammation]

osteochondritis

Inflammation of both bone and cartilage, usually of unknown cause and often affecting children or adolescents. See also OSTEOCHONDRITIS DISSECANS.

os·te·o·chon·dri·tis

(os'tē-ō-kon-drī'tis)
Inflammation of a bone and its articular cartilage.
[osteo- + G. chondros, cartilage, + -itis, inflammation]

osteochondritis (os´tēōkondrī´tis),

n a disease of the epiphyses, or bone-forming centers of the skeleton, beginning with necrosis and fragmentation of the tissue and followed by repair and regeneration.

osteochondritis

inflammation of bone and cartilage.

osteochondritis dissecans (OCD)
osteochondritis resulting in the splitting off of a piece of articular cartilage due to fissure formation in an area of dysplastic subarticular cartilage so that it forms a flap or separates completely and falls into the joint space ('joint mouse'); occurs most commonly on the head of the humerus and distal condyles of the femur in dogs and pigs. Is a manifestation of osteochondrosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hangody L, Kish G, Modis L, et al: Mosaicplasty for the treatment of osteochondritis dissecans of the talus: two to seven year results in 36 patients.
Finally, pitching injuries related to medial tension overload, lateral compression and extension overload include injuries of the flexorpronator tendon and lateral collateral ligament complex, cubital tunnel syndrome, medial epicondyle apophysitis and avulsion injuries, sublime tubercle and olecranon stress fractures, posteromedial impingement, Panner disease and osteochondritis dissecans.
This condition is called osteochondritis dissecans (OCD).
9While still at school Tim was diagnosed with the bone disease osteochondritis dissecans, a condition that resulted in a nine-month break from tennis.
Peterson discussed the arthroscopic treatment of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD).
Clinical improvement was seen in 92% of patients treated for medial and lateral femoral condyle defects, in 89% of those treated for osteochondritis dissecans, in 75% of those treated for defects of the anterior cruciate ligament and femoral condyle, and in 62% of those treated for defects of the patella.
Young, large-breed dogs often suffer from osteochondritis dissecans, a problem with cartilage development that usually affects shoulder joints but can also affect the elbow, hock and stifle (knee) joints (Dog fancy, Vol 34, Number 1 January 2003).
Symptoms include rhinitis, jaundice, vesicular or bullous rash, hepatosplenomegaly, osteochondritis, pseudoparalysis, thrombocytopenia, leukocytosis, and hemolytic anemia.
But when he was hit with osteochondritis, a wearing away of the knee joint, he was forced to make a decision - football or rugby.
Q OUR three-year-old labrador had an operation for osteochondritis dissecans in the left elbow when he was seven months old.
But besides Panner's disease, Wong also suffers symptoms associated with another bone disorder, called osteochondritis dissecans, Resnick said.

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