osteochondral fracture

os·te·o·chon·dral frac·ture

(os'tē-ō-kon'drăl frak'shŭr)
Fracture involving the articular cartilage and underlying bone.
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References in periodicals archive ?
A recentlyperformed MRI in a local hospital revealed a Grade3 osteochondral fracture along the anterior surface of the medial femoral condyle with underlying bone edema," Dr Sohail Saleem, General Manager, sports medicine, Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) said on Tuesday.
In persistent ankle injuries like osteochondral fracture or injury, what happens is that there is bleeding, then an area of dead bone forms just under the cartilage.
The injury, was described as an osteochondral fracture fragment of his right fore fetlock.
In addition to synovial chondromatosis, the differential diagnosis of loose joint bodies in the TMJ includes osteochondral fracture fragments, condylar fracture, rheumatoid arthritis, degenerative arthritis, and avascular necrosis.
However, when an osteochondral fracture of the patella or the femur has occurred, hemarthrosis will collect within two hours.
Swelling associated with the acute injury is often rapid, and a significant hemarthrosis frequently develops, especially if there is an associated osteochondral fracture.
Occasionally, an osteochondral fracture of the medial patellar edge can be seen.
Of these, 28 (39%) of the knees had associated osteochondral fractures.
Many different terms have been used to describe these defects of talar articular cartilage including transchondral fracture, osteochondral fracture, osteochondritis dissecans, talar dome fracture, and flaked fracture.
MRI is sensitive for detecting subtle bone changes such as edema or hemorrhage from an osteochondral fracture.
Moreover, it may occur in the setting of preexistent osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteonecrosis, osteochondritis dissecans, neuropathic osteoarthropathy, tuberculosis, or osteochondral fractures.
One study has shown that 100% of elbow dislocations are associated with unrecognized osteochondral fractures, however, only those readily radiographically identifiable fractures are termed "complex.

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