osmotic shock


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os·mot·ic shock

a sudden change in the osmotic pressure to which a cell is subjected, usually to cause it to lyse.

osmotic shock

n.
The rupture of bacterial or other cells in a solution following a sudden increase in intracellular osmotic pressure. Osmotic shock is sometimes used to induce cell lysis for the purpose of releasing the contents of the cell.
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The Hypertonic saline solution lyses the cells within the tissues by the mechanism of osmotic shock and dissociation of DNA from proteins [18].
In a previous study, hemolysis generated by the osmotic shock method led to elevated measured plasma ammonia concentration, whereas hemolysis generated by the shearing method had little to no effect on plasma ammonia measurement.
Immobilization also may decrease the rehydration rate and avoid the osmotic shock associated with instantaneous rehydration, which subsequently decreases the growth and acidification lag phase.
On July 14, PROFEPA finally issued its 500-plus-page report, which concluded that: "A spill causing an elevated concentration of saline and other minerals which provoked an osmotic shock or variation in the salinity of the sea water was the cause of death of 94 sea turtles.
This aggravated the post-cyclone mineral imbalances which, combined with osmotic shock, touched off the white spot outbreak.
Effect of abscisic acid and proline on adaptation of tobacco callus culture to salinity and osmotic shock.
To test whether the insertion of HMC-C causes pore formation and osmotic shock in erythrocyte cells, an osmotic protection assay was performed with chicken erythrocytes and HMC-C in the presence of several osmoprotectants.