osmotic diuretics


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os·mot·ic di·u·ret·ics

drugs (for example, mannitol) that by their osmotic effects retain water during urine formation and thus dilute electrolytes in the urine, making resorption less efficient; they promote elimination of water and electrolytes in the urine.

os·mot·ic di·u·ret·ics

(oz-mot'ik dī'yūr-et'iks)
Drugs (e.g., mannitol) that by their osmotic effects, promote the elimination of water and electrolytes in the urine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sorts of interactions between lithium and different diuretics [a] [lithium] Thiazides and chlorthalidone, analogs hydrochlorothiazide, indapamide * Variable interaction Loop diuretics furosemide ([b] or [c] [lithium}) [K.sup.+]-sparing amiloride *, diuretics spironolactone *, triamterene * [d] [lithium] Osmotic diuretics mannitol, urea Carbonic anhydrase acetazolamide inhibitors * Scarce evidence/class effect assumed.
It is likely that the repeated use of mannitol can induce derangements in serum [[Na.sup.+]] because of its osmotic diuretic effect.
Of the available therapies used to treat refractory intracranial hypertension, osmotic diuretics have long been the standard of care.