osmotic


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os·mot·ic

(oz-mot'ik),
Relating to osmosis.
Synonym(s): osmolar

os·mot·ic

(oz-mot'ik)
Relating to osmosis.
Synonym(s): osmolar.

osmosis

(oz-mō′sĭs) [Gr. osmos, impulse, + osis, condition]
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OSMOSIS
The passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates solutions of different concentrations. The solvent, usually water, passes through the membrane from the region of lower concentration of solute to that of a higher concentration of solute, thus tending to equalize the concentrations of the two solutions. The rate of osmosis is dependent primarily upon the difference in osmotic pressures of the solutions on the two sides of a membrane, the permeability of the membrane, and the electric potential across the membrane and the charge upon the walls of the pores in it. See: illustration

reverse osmosis

A form of water treatment that removes infectious particles and dissolved ions more effectively than other water purification techniques. Water so purified can be used in hemodialysis.
osmotic (oz-mot′ik), adjectiveillustration

os·mot·ic

(os-mot'ik)
Relating to osmosis.
Synonym(s): osmolar.
References in periodicals archive ?
little or no salt enters the plant) a graduated negative growth response is seen with increasing salt concentration such that plants in solutions approaching [h.sub.o] = 150 m wilt and die due to intolerable osmotic and ion toxicity stresses (c.f.
Hypernatremia which is potentially lethal condition which can cause rhabdomyolysis, encephalopathy and osmotic demyelination.
For the osmotic treatment, mango pieces were placed in sugar solutions, according to Table 1, in the fruit:solution ratio of 1: 4, at 40[degrees]C for 2h and at 111 rpm in shaker (TECNAL TE-420).
Variable Mean SD Range Age (years) 52.4 10.1 40-68 Hemodialysis duration (year) 6.1 1.9 4-10 Total amount of ultrafiltration (mL) 2318 612.3 1500-3100 Weight loss (kg) 2.10 0.91 0.95-2.95 Table 2: Effect of hemodialysis on plasma osmotic pressure and blood biochemical parameters.
When the test is conducted, the water pressure at the upper end of the specimen is always kept at the designed value, and the lower end is connected with atmosphere; thus, osmotic pressure can be easily formed.
(3) Inject uniformly mixed nZnO granule suspension into the infiltration chamber and set a corresponding osmotic pressure using the control system.
Figure 3 shows that shiitake mushroom slices treated with osmotic and osmotic followed by freezing also could reduce the oil uptake compared to only blanched products.
Osmotic dehydration is widely used as pre-treatment to the other process, such as hot air drying, freezing, lyophilization among others, and this treatment also has the advantage of a good conservation of sensory attributes such as color, flavor and texture.
Thus, facultative halophytes like quinoa may balance their turgor by compartmentalizing Na+ and Cl- in cell vacuoles of shoot and produce compatible solutes just for cytosolic osmotic adjustment (Flowers and Colmer, 2008; Shabala and Mackay, 2011).