orthosis


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Related to orthosis: Orthoses, spinal orthosis

orthosis

 [or-tho´sis] (Gr.)
an orthopedic appliance or apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve function of movable parts of the body. See also brace and splint.
cervical orthosis a rigid plastic orthosis that encircles the neck and supports the chin and the back of the head; used in the treatment of injuries to the cervical spine.
Cervical orthoses. A, Soft foam collar. B, Firm plastic collar.
Cervical orthoses offering rigid support to the cervical spine: A, Halo-type cervical orthosis attached to a polyethylene jacket. B, Four poster orthosis.
dynamic orthosis an orthosis that both gives support and aids in the initiation and performance of movement by a body part.
flexion orthosis (flexor orthosis) tenodesis splint.

or·tho·sis

, pl.

or·tho·ses

(ōr-thō'sis, -sēz),
An external orthopaedic appliance, for example, a brace or splint, that prevents or assists movement of the spine or the limbs.
[G. orthōsis, a making straight]

orthosis

plural, orthoses Orthopedics The straightening of a deformity; an external device–eg, a cast, brace, or splint used to stabilize, reinforce or immobilize an extremity, ↓ sensory input to an extremity, prevent stretch weakness, ↓ contractures, functionally assist weak muscles, protect a limb with pressure sores, provide a mechanical block to prevent undesired movement Types Orthoses are available for spine, hip, foot, knee. See Foot orthotics, Scapular reaction.

or·tho·sis

, pl. orthoses (ōr-thō'sis, -sēz)
An external orthopedic appliance, as a brace or splint, that prevents or assists movement of the spine or the limbs.
Synonym(s): orthesis.
[G. orthōsis, a making straight]

orthosis

(or-tho'sis) [Gr. orthosis, guidance, straightening]
Any device added to the body to stabilize or immobilize a body part, prevent deformity, protect against injury, or assist with function. Orthotic devices range from arm slings to corsets and finger splints. They may be made from a variety of materials, including rubber, leather, canvas, rubber synthetics, and plastic. orthotic (-thot'ik), adjective
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ANKLE-FOOT ORTHOSIS

ankle-foot orthosis

Abbreviation: AFO
Any of a class of external orthopedic appliances, braces, or splints devised to control, limit, or assist foot and ankle motion and provide leg support. Typically, orthotics are made of lightweight materials such as thermoplastics. See: illustration

Patient care

A variety of ankle-foot orthoses are used. In the treatment of Achilles' tendon rupture, e.g., the orthosis holds the foot at a right angle to the horizontal plane of the body, in plantar flexion.

balanced forearm orthosis

Mobile arm support.

halo vest orthosis

Halo vest.

spinal orthosis

A supportive device applied to the back (and often encircling the trunk) that limits the movement of the vertebrae, alleviates pain, or unloads mechanical stress; back brace.

wrist-driven hand orthosis

Abbreviation: WDHO
An orthotic that uses the muscles of the wrist, esp. the extensor muscles, to drive the fingers together into a grasping motion. It can be used by people with paralysis of the hand to improve the ability to hold on to and release objects.

wrist-driven wrist-hand orthosis

Abbreviation: WDWHO
A dynamic splint used for functional grasp by people with C6 tetraplegia.
See: tenodesis (2); universal cuff.

orthosis

An appliance worn on the body to reduce or prevent deformity or to provide support, relieve pain and facilitate movement.

Orthosis

A force system designed to control or correct or compensate for a bone deformity, deforming forces, or forces absent from the body.
References in periodicals archive ?
What might bring all parties together is this concept of orthosis: an external explanatory system, using an ontology of rules, causes, and outcomes, that might come to function in parallel with inscrutable brains and ML systems and provide possible explanations of why they act as they do.
The influence of ankle-foot orthosis stiffness on walking performance in individuals with lower-limb impairments.
A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of an ankle-foot orthosis on gait biomechanics after stroke.
Rx: hinged external 2005 [22] fixation, active- assisted exercise; C: hinged external fixation (4-8 wks), active- assisted exercise; flexion and extension Parent-Weiss Static progressive 3-4 hs/time, removed 3 and King orthosis, supination times for 1-2 hs each day; 2006 [26] and pronation point of strong stretching sensation Doornberg Static progressive 30 mins/each direction, 3 et al.
Whilst these three studies used the randomisation procedure for group allocation, Redmond (2009) used sealed-envelope randomisation to allocate the intervention to be used first, adopting a cross-over methodology, with each participant receiving both interventions over the period of the study, with two weeks of use prior to testing for each orthosis. The use of acceptable randomisation techniques incurs a low risk of bias.
Such a scenario may be beneficial for transmission of force from an orthosis designed to influence joint moments.
A life size male mannequin was cut and substantially reinforced internally with carbon fiber and epoxy resin to provide an upper torso frame and separate pelvic girdle assembly for engaging a worn orthosis as it was tested.
It was also reported that the ability of individuals with stroke to ambulate is improved as a result of wearing an ankle-foot orthosis [20].
Typical patients who benefit from an orthosis include those with spina bifida or cerebral palsy, or with a spinal cord injury or stroke.
They're responsible for taking precise measurements of the patient and supervise the making, fitting and adjustment of the orthosis, as well as educating them in fitting and using it.
There is also a neurorehabilitative platform for bedridden poststroke patients (NEUROBike) that employs the use of brushless servomotors and pulleys to actively control the angular excursions of the gait orthosis [8].
There is a considerable heterogeneity of included study designs, clinical aims, and orthosis wearing protocols, materials, and regimes.