orthoptics

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orthoptics

 [or-thop´tiks]
treatment of strabismus by exercise of the ocular muscles.

or·thop·tics

(ōr-thop'tiks),
The study and treatment of defective binocular vision, of defects in the action of the ocular muscles, or of faulty visual habits.
[ortho- straightened + G. optikos, sight]

orthoptics

/or·thop·tics/ (-tiks) treatment of strabismus by exercise of the ocular muscles.

orthoptics

(ôr-thŏp′tĭks)
n. (used with a sing. verb)
The evaluation and nonsurgical treatment of visual disorders caused by imbalance of the eye muscles, such as strabismus.

or·thop′tic adj.
or·thop′tist n.

vision therapy

A clinical approach for correcting and ameliorating the effects of eye movement disorders, non-strabismic binocular dysfunctions, focusing disorders, strabismus, amblyopia, nystagmus and certain visual perceptual (information processing) disorders.

Alternative ophthalmology
A vision-enhancing method developed in the 1920s by an American optometrist, AM Skeffington. Vision therapy uses eye exercises and other techniques to retrain the eyes to function as a unit, and co-ordinate the brain’s processing of visual information needed for binocular vision; it is allegedly useful for lazy eye (amblyopia), crossed eyes (strabismus), problems of focusing (vergence and accommodation), oculomotor defects, learning disabilities, athletic performance and traumatic brain injury. While vision therapy may be of use in developing stereoscopic skills and improving visual field remnants after brain damage, there is no clear scientific evidence supporting the use of eye exercises to improve vision.

or·thop·tics

(ōr-thop'tiks)
The study and treatment of defective binocular vision, of defects in the action of the ocular muscles, or of faulty visual habits.
[ortho- straightened + G. optikos, sight]

orthoptics

A discipline, ancillary to OPHTHALMOLOGY, concerned mainly with the management of squint (STRABISMUS) in childhood and the avoidance of AMBLYOPIA. See also ORTHOPTIST.

orthoptics 

The study, diagnosis and nonoperative treatment of anomalies of binocular vision, strabismus and monocular functional amblyopia. See visual training.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a year's time, his case will be reviewed and he must prove he can competently work as an orthoptist to rejoin the profession.
As I started to think about what I would like to do for a career, I looked in all aspects of eye health but decided that the role of orthoptist was a good varied job with lots of different specialties.
Acting head orthoptist at the RVI, Kathryn Smart, said changes were also under way to ensure services meet recommendations made by the National Screening Committee that all children should be screened for visual impairment between the ages of four and five, either by orthoptists or by professionals trained and supported by them.
This is partly because we are often taught by orthoptists and we are not taught to routinely measure eye dominance, without which the building blocks of binocular visual performance cannot be scientifically understood.
Orthoptists deal with visual defects from babies born prematurely to trauma cases to elderly patients who have had strokes.
Orthoptists are to be found in such diverse roles as monitoring and treating babies born with visual defects.
The new pay rate would bring nurses into line with other health professionals with similar experience, such as physiotherapists, diversional therapists, orthoptists and exercise physiologists.
The orthoptists from the RVI are also currently working together with Gateshead Primary Care Trust to improve the vision screening service for children in the Gateshead area.
Orthoptists play a key role in managing eye problems, mainly those that affect the way the eyes move.
Orthoptists, note the cunningly similar name, are not bird watchers.
Readership: This book is aimed primarily at trainee Ophthalmologists, but will also be of interest to qualified Ophthalmologists, Optometrists, Orthoptists, Ophthalmic nurses, Ophthalmic technicians and non-specialist doctors with an interest in ophthalmology.
Claire Saha, from the British and Irish Orthoptists Society, explained the background to the recently announced consultation on the proposed granting of exemptions for suitably qualified orthoptists to prescribe, supply and administer a defined list of medicines.