Increased respiratory effort was characterized by a tail bob, open-mouth breathing, and an orthopneic
position with head and wings extended.
If a dog is having difficulty breathing, he often will be restless, unable to lie down comfortably, and may exhibit an orthopneic
Patient's respiratory complaints progressed further, being orthopneic
at 32 weeks of gestation and decision to intervene by cesarean delivery was made.
Finally, the presentation of other clinical variables was evaluated, namely: everyday behavior, orthopneic
position, the presence of heart murmur, cough, cyanosis, hypoperfusion, dyspnoea, tachypnea, tachycardia, ascites, and arrhythmia.
Animals showing signs of BRD (depression, eye or nose discharge, anorexia, dyspnea, cough, rectal temperature [greater than or equal to] 39.5[degrees]C, orthopneic
posture) received a rescue therapeutic treatment with tilmicosin SC 10 mg/kg (Micotil, Elanco Animal Health) plus meloxicam 0.5 mg/kg (Metacam 20% Boehringer Ingelheim).
In the physical examination the dog was apathetic in an orthopneic
position, severely dyspneic and cyanotic.
Mechanical ventilation is virtually always initiated with direct therapeutic intent, except when needed temporarily to assure safe performance of a hazardous procedure (such as endoscopy, bronchoscopy, trans-esophageal echocardiography or supine positioning of an orthopneic