Following Werner's (1957) orthogenic
principle of human development, one could assume that a discipline would move from a few global ideas, to differentiation of those ideas, and then a hierarchical reorganization of those ideas.
After temporary work at the University of Chicago, Bettelheim (whose PhD was in art history) became head of the Orthogenic
As director of the Orthogenic School, the home for emotionally troubled children at the University of Chicago, and as the author of books like ``Love Is Not Enough'' and ``Truants From Life,'' he had secured his reputation as an expert on child psychology in general and on the condition known as infantile autism in particular.
Among these critics was Richard Pollak, a journalist whose younger brother, Stephen, had gone to the Orthogenic School until his accidental death as an 11-year-old in 1948.
One of my college jobs was lifeguard for Bruno Bettleheim's Orthogenic
School, a school for severely emotionally disturbed children.