orthesis


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Related to orthesis: orthosis, Orthoses

orthosis

 [or-tho´sis] (Gr.)
an orthopedic appliance or apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve function of movable parts of the body. See also brace and splint.
cervical orthosis a rigid plastic orthosis that encircles the neck and supports the chin and the back of the head; used in the treatment of injuries to the cervical spine.
Cervical orthoses. A, Soft foam collar. B, Firm plastic collar.
Cervical orthoses offering rigid support to the cervical spine: A, Halo-type cervical orthosis attached to a polyethylene jacket. B, Four poster orthosis.
dynamic orthosis an orthosis that both gives support and aids in the initiation and performance of movement by a body part.
flexion orthosis (flexor orthosis) tenodesis splint.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

or·the·sis

(ōr-thē'sis),
Rarely used term for an orthopedic brace, splint, or appliance.
[ortho- + -esis, process]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

or·tho·sis

, pl. orthoses (ōr-thō'sis, -sēz)
An external orthopedic appliance, as a brace or splint, that prevents or assists movement of the spine or the limbs.
Synonym(s): orthesis.
[G. orthōsis, a making straight]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
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References in periodicals archive ?
That means that the human subject will progressively correct its flatfoot by disposing to his shoes some orthesis beginning with small dimensions and, if necessary, continuing with increased orthesis dimensions.
The obtaining and modeling of a virtual foot orthesis based on the CAD foot model, previously generated by scanning;
The design of the orthesis is based on the reacting forces which appear in elbow joint associate with pronation-supination movements (point D),wrist joint associate with flexionextension (point G) and deviation ulnar-radial (point F) movements (Panjabi & White, 2001).
Such examples consisted of (see Figure 2) socket for transtibial amputee, ankle-foot orthesis for correction of articular rigidity, bony substitute for mandibular defect of critical size and femoral stem for hip prosthesis.
In order to improve the motor functions or to diminish the symptoms of the disease, the orthesis are used for quite a long time by now.
The new orthesis shall be made of ultra light materials.
The main purpose is acquiring and implementation of an intelligent orthesis used for recovery training of the subject with neuromotor problems.
The main purpose of our work (that is a part of ID_147 Project) is acquiring and implementation of an intelligent orthesis used for recovery training of the subject with neuromotor problems.
It can also be used for reconstruction of tissues or obtaining orthesis.