oropharyngeal dysphagia

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to oropharyngeal dysphagia: Esophageal dysphagia


difficulty in swallowing; see also aphagia. There are numerous underlying causes, including stroke and other neurologic conditions, local trauma and muscle damage, and a tumor or swelling that partially obstructs the passage of food. The condition can range from mild discomfort, such as a feeling that there is a lump in the throat, to a severe inability to control the muscles needed for chewing and swallowing.

Dysphagia can seriously compromise the nutritional status of a patient. Temporary measures such as tube feeding and parenteral nutrition can remedy the immediate problem, but long-term goals for rehabilitation must focus on helping the patient recover the ability to swallow sufficient amounts of food and drink to assure adequate nutrition.

Measures intended to accomplish the goal of oral feeding are implemented only after determining the particular techniques that are most helpful for the individual patient. In general, placing the patient in an upright position, providing a pleasant and calm environment, being sure the lips are closed as the patient begins to swallow, and preparing and serving foods of the proper consistency are all helpful techniques. Stroke victims who have difficulty swallowing should be turned, or should turn their heads, to the unaffected side to facilitate swallowing. If dry mouth is a problem, there are artificial salivas available to moisten and lubricate the mouth. When drinking fluids, dysphagic patients should sip the liquid in small amounts.
esophageal dysphagia dysphagia caused by an abnormality in the esophagus, such as a smooth muscle disorder that interferes with peristalsis or an obstruction from external compression or a stricture.
oropharyngeal dysphagia dysphagia caused by difficulty in initiating the swallowing process, so that solids and liquids cannot move out of the mouth properly.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

oropharyngeal dysphagia

Difficulty in propelling food or liquid from the oral cavity into the esophagus.
Synonym: transfer dysphagia
See also: dysphagia
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Participated in this study eight post-stroke individuals in chronic phase, both sexes, with oropharyngeal dysphagia referred for speech therapy with the purpose of work the swallowing function in a reference center of physical rehabilitation.
In relation to clinical swallowing evaluation before intervention, all the patients were diagnosed with mild oropharyngeal dysphagia. After the clinical evaluation, all the patients had the FOIS completed, aiming at monitoring safe food consistencies, as they were all in level 7 (oral intake with no restrictions).
European Society for Swallowing Disorders FEES Accreditation Program for Neurogenic and Geriatric Oropharyngeal Dysphagia. Dysphagia 2017; 32: 725-33.
Reflex cough during and after swallowing is the classic mechanism of defense of oropharyngeal dysphagia [20,21].
This study is an open-label trial performed in PD patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia, from March 2014 to May 2015.
Evidence based systematic review: Oropharyngeal dysphagia behavioural treatments.
Oesophageal diverticula presents with oropharyngeal dysphagia, usually to both solids and liquids, which is the most common symptom.
In our research, TRPV1 is a promising target to treat oropharyngeal dysphagia, a major complaint among the elderly and patients with neurological diseases, and one characterized by pharyngeal and laryngeal sensory deficits and delayed and prolonged swallow response [17].
Diamant, "Screening for oropharyngeal dysphagia in stroke: insufficient evidence for guidelines," Dysphagia, vol.
The videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) is the most frequently used instrumental assessment procedure to determine the nature and extent of oropharyngeal dysphagia. During the examination, patients swallow systematically designed bariums of varying rheological composition to provide information on swallowing function.