oropharyngeal


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Related to oropharyngeal: Oropharyngeal dysphagia, oropharyngeal membrane, Oropharyngeal airway, oropharyngeal candidiasis

oropharyngeal

 [o″ro-fah-rin´je-al]
1. pertaining to the mouth and the pharynx.
2. pertaining to the oropharynx.

or·o·pha·ryn·ge·al

(ōr'ō-fă-rin'jē-ăl), Avoid the incorrect phrase oral pharyngeal and the mispronunciation oropharynge'al.
Relating to the oropharynx.

oropharyngeal

/oro·pha·ryn·ge·al/ (-fah-rin´je-al)
1. pertaining to the mouth and pharynx.
2. pertaining to the oropharynx.

anthrax

Greek, anthrax, a burning coal, charbon, milzbrand Infectious disease An often fatal bacterial infection which occurs when Bacillus anthracis endospores, primarily of grazing herbivore–cattle, sheep, horses, mules–origin enter via skin abrasions, inhalation, or orally Pathogenesis Anthrax endospores germinate within macrophages, become vegetative bacteria, multiply within the lymphatics, enter the bloodstream and cause massive septicemia Clinical URI-like symptoms, followed by high fever, vomiting, joint pain, SOB, internal and external hemorrhage, hypotension, meningitis, pulmonary edema, shock sudden death; intestinal anthrax is caused by ingestion of contaminated meat; cutaneous anthrax is rare Diagnosis ELISA for capsule antigens–95+% senstivity, for protective antigen–72% sensitivity; detection of exotoxins in blood is unreliable Prevention Prophylaxis–6 wks with doxycycline or ciprofloxacin; vaccination, with anthrax vaccine absorbed; decontamination with aerosolized formalin Management Penicillin, doxycycline; if allergic to penicillin, chloramaphenicol, erythromycin, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin See Bacillus anthracis, Cutaneous anthrax, Industrial anthrax, Inhalation anthrax.
Anthrax, clinical forms
Pulmonary
Almost universally fatal–due to inhalation of anthrax spores which germinate and produce toxins resulting in pleural effusions, hemorrhage, cyanosis, SOB, stridor, shock, death
Inhalation
Anthrax pneumonia, inhalational anthrax, pulmonary anthrax An almost universally fatal form due to inhalation of 1 to 2 µm pathogenic endospores which are deposited in alveoli, engulfed by macrophages and germinate en route to the mediastinal and peribronchial lymph nodes, produce toxins Clinical Mediastinal widening, pleural effusions, fever, nonproductive cough, myalgia, malaise, hemorrhage, cyanosis, SOB, stridor, shock, death, often accompanied by mesenteric lymphadenitis, diffuse abdominal pain, fever
Cutaneous
Once common among handlers of infected animals, eg farmers, woolsorters, tanners, brushmakers and carpetmakers in an era when brushes were from animals Clinical Carbuncle–a cluster of boils, that later ulcerates, resulting in a hard black center surrounded by bright red inflammation; rare cases which become systemic are almost 100% fatal
Gastrointestinal
After ingesting contaminated meat–2 to 5 days; once ingested spores germinate, causing ulceration, hemorrhagic and necrotizing gastroenteritis Clinical Fever, diffuse abdominal pain with rebound tenderness, melanic stools, vomit, fluid and electrolyte imbalances, shock; death is due to intestinal perforation or anthrax toxemia
Oropharyngeal
Uncommon, follows ingestion of contaminated meat Clinical Cervical edema, lymphadenopathy–causing dysphagia, respiratory difficulty
Anthrax meningitis
A rare, usually fatal complication of GI or inhalation anthrax with death occurring 1 to 6 days after onset of illness Clinical Meningeal symptoms, nuchal rigidity, fever, fatigue, myalgia, headache, N&V, agitation, seizures, delirium, followed by neurologic degeneration and death
.

or·o·pha·ryn·ge·al

(ōr'ō-fă-rin'jē-ăl)
Relating to the oropharynx.

or·o·pha·ryn·ge·al

(ōr'ō-fă-rin'jē-ăl)
Relating to oropharynx.

oropharyngeal (ôr´ōfərin´jēəl),

adj in anatomy, being part of or related to the oropharynx, the region of the pharynx that lies underneath the soft palate and posterior to the oral cavity.

oropharyngeal

pertaining to the mouth and pharynx. Called also O/P.

oropharyngeal membrane
a transient embryonic membrane which separates the stomodeum from the pharyngeal cavity in the early fetus. Called also oral plate.
References in periodicals archive ?
The CHMP also recommended approval of NOXAFIL for oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) as first-line therapy in patients who have severe disease or are immunocompromised, in whom response to topical therapy is expected to be poor.
1) There is a paucity of data regarding the relative prevalence of oropharyngeal versus esophageal dysphagia and nonobstructive versus obstructive dysphagia among ambulatory patients.
More recently, investigators from DAHANCA (the Danish Head and Neck Cancer Group) reported that p16 expression-found in HPV-positive tumors-predicted better long-term outcomes for patients with oropharyngeal tumors in an analysis of data from two clinical trials.
This virus has been implicated in the development of oropharyngeal carcinoma, in some studies in as many as 45 percent of patients.
A review of the Oropharyngeal Cancer products under development by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources.
Painful oral and oropharyngeal lesions often precede any cutaneous involvement in pemphigus vulgaris.
Continuous transport of poultry meat in the net BEicsborsEdi "Autumn Sunshine" Integrated Social Institution bEicsborsEdi contracting office, and the establishment, oropharyngeal BEicsalmEisi 1,470,100 HUF + 30% value.
The classic oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is a mixture of red and white in color and is hard, with depth to the lesion.
In order to minimise the risk of oropharyngeal trauma, we recommend the following precautions.
Clues to the diagnosis include evidence of a severe oropharyngeal infection, neck swelling and crepitations, and complaints of dysphagia and odynophagia.
Continuing research involving multiple medical centers will investigate transoral robotic surgery in a larger population of patients with oropharyngeal cancer.
LONDON, March 12, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Summary Global Markets Direct's, 'Oropharyngeal Candidiasis - Pipeline Review, H1 2015', provides an overview of the Oropharyngeal Candidiasis's therapeutic pipeline.