In recent years, BTX-A has been widely used for treating a variety of neuromuscular disorders, such as strabismus, blephorospasm, hemifacial spasm and torticollis, migraine, hyperhidrosis, esophageal achalasia, bruxism, masseter hypertrophy (MMH), and oromandibular
In about 78% of the patients with BEB, which is a progressive disease, dystonia can be seen in the lower face or neck region (Meige syndrome, orofacial dystonia or oromandibular
dystonia) or in other parts out of the facial nerve region (6).
Her boyfriend has been battling a rare disease, Oromandibular
dystonia, that has stumped doctors.
The free iliac crest and fibula flaps in vascularized oromandibular
reconstruction: comparison and long-term evaluation.
Sleep bruxism; an overview of an oromandibular
sleep movement disorder.
have reported on the indications for and efficiency of transfer of the anterior rectus sheath in oromandibular
Motor impairments of the orofacial system include dysphagia, masticatory dysfunction, orofacial dyskinesia, and oromandibular
The findings during his neurological examination were as follows: he had dysarthria and choreiform movements in all four extremities, the body, and in the oromandibular
region; he did not have deep tendon reflexes in lower extremities; and he had a positive Romberg finding and vibration sensation was reduced in both lower extremities.
Botulinum toxin in blepharospasm and oromandibular
dystonia: comparing different botulinum toxin preparations.
Composite free flaps in oromandibular
Only 1 patient with cervical dystonia and 7 patients with blepharospasm had spread to other body parts (upper limb in the patient with cervical dystonia and oromandibular
dystonia in those with blepharospasm) at the follow-up assessment.
Based on her history and physical presentation, the differential diagnosis included psychogenic facial spasm, tardive dyskinesia, or oromandibular
dystonia  with associated masticatory muscular pain, facial motor seizures, and hypocalcemic tetany: facial myokymia; Tourette syndrome; facial motor seizures.