organophosphorus


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organophosphorus

 [or″gah-no-fos´fah-rus]
a compound containing phosphorus bound to an organic molecule. Some are used as insecticides and others are nerve gases; they are highly toxic acetylcholinesterase inhibitors.
organophosphorus compound poisoning poisoning by excessive exposure to an organophosphorus compound; there are usually neurologic symptoms such as axonopathy and paralysis, and it often ends fatally.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chlorpyrifos, dimethoate, methoxychlor, and malathion were the only organophosphorus detected but none of them had a concentration higher than the method's detection limits or the EU MRL.
In support with the present results, the author attributed the rise serum AST, ALT, total and direct bilirubins in mice treated with 1/50 and 1/20 LD50 cyolane (organophosphorus insecticide) to liver damage and impaired liver function (Hassanin, 2004).
During the course of the research, it was identified that the rural community of Conceicao do Castelo has direct and indirect contact with pesticides of the chemical groups: organophosphorus; triazoles; pyrethroids and carbamates.
Comparing the organophosphorus and carbamate insecticide resistance mutations in choline and carboxyl-esterases.
Enzymatic degradation of organophosphorus insecticides decreases toxicity in planarians and enhances survival.
The commonest poison ingested was organophosphorus compounds (OP) 40 (31.3%), followed by benzodiazepines 17 (13.3%) and aluminium phosphide poisoning 16 (12.5%).
Effects of acute organophosphorus poisoning on function of peripheral nerves: A cohort study.
Hooda, "Acetylcholinesterase biosensors for electrochemical detection of organophosphorus compounds: a review," Biochemistry Research International, vol.
Organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs) of fenitrothion, fenthion, and phoxim were purchased from Beijing Agricultural Environmental Protection Center, the structure of them are shown in Figure 1.
The last chapter walks through the trace analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, and organophosphorus compounds.

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