organophosphorous poisoning

organophosphorous poisoning

Poisoning with compounds used as insecticides and as war nerve gases because of their powerful action in preventing CHOLINESTERASE from breaking down the neurotransmitter ACETYLCHOLINE. The effect of these agents are to produce excessive cholinergic activity-salivation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, perspiration, small pupils, twitching, convulsions and death. ATROPINE, that blocks cholinergic nerve endings is the mainstay of treatment. Cholinesterase reactivators such as obidoxime and other oximes are also useful.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
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References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical Profile in Patients of Organophosphorous Poisoning. Int J Sci Res 2016; 5:97-9.
The most frequently used poison for fatal DSH was Carbamate followed by Organophosphorous poisoning in year 2000.
Correlation of serumcholinesterase level, clinical score at presentation and severity of organophosphorous poisoning. J Nepal Med Assoc.
The cause of death could be organophosphorous poisoning due to insecticide in the vegetables, he told AFP, adding that doctors are treating victims with atropine.
Other causes of polyneuropathy like organophosphorous poisoning and exposure to heavy metals were excluded by relevant history and investigations.
Organophosphorous poisoning was found to be the third most common agent.
Acute organophosphorous poisoning ranks foremost among the list of agents, which cause acute pesticide poisoning.
Acute organophosphorous poisoning ranks foremost in the list of agents which causes acute pesticide poisoning in the developing countries.
Diagnostic aspects of organophosphorous poisoning Toxicology 2005 oct 30; 214(3):182-189.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty organophosphorous poisoning cases who were admitted to the MIMS, during the period of 4 years (May 2013 to June 2014), were studied.
Pattern of organophosphorous poisoning: a retrospective community based study.

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