orchiopexy


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orchiopexy

 [or´ke-o-pek″se]
surgical fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum. An incision is made over the inguinal canal and the testis is brought down. In most cases the surgeon applies traction by placing a suture in the lower scrotum and attaching the suture to the inner thigh with adhesive tape. This traction is continued for about a week. Alternatively, a surgeon may prefer to suture the undescended testis to surrounding tissue in the scrotum.
Patient Care. Preoperative care of the child is routine. During the postoperative period care must be taken to avoid disturbing the tension mechanism. Contamination of the suture line should be avoided, and if the boy is not toilet trained, he usually must have an indwelling catheter in place until his incision has healed.

or·chi·o·pex·y

(ōr'kē-ō-pek'sē),
1. Surgical treatment of an undescended testicle by freeing it and implanting it into the scrotum.
2. Anchoring a testis susceptible to torsion in the scrotum.
[orchio- + G. pēxis, fixation]

orchiopexy

Urology The surgical fixation of an undescended testes in the scrotum. See Cryptorchidism.

or·chi·o·pex·y

(ōr'kē-ō-pek'sē)
Surgical treatment of an undescended testicle by freeing it and implanting it into the scrotum.
Synonym(s): cryptorchidopexy, orchidopexy.
[orchio- + G. pēxis, fixation]

Orchiopexy

Surgical procedure that places the testicles in the scrotum.
References in periodicals archive ?
Finally, the results in Graph 1 represent the age (months) at which orchiopexy was performed at our institution and comparison with the recommended timing for orchiopexy by the CUA, AUA and EAU.
(2016) examined pregnancy rates after testicular torsion treated with either orchiopexy or orchiectomy.
One orchiopexy was performed on a patient greater than 14 years old.
Cancer cases spiked when orchiopexy was performed after age 12
The patient and a family member, along with the patient's pediatric urologist, confirmed that he had been diagnosed with OT-DSD at birth and had previously undergone left ovotestis removal with subsequent prosthesis placement, an orchiopexy for an undescended right testicle, and correction of hypospadias, all taking place shortly after birth.
Histological evidences suggest recommending orchiopexy within the first year of life for children with unilateral inguinal cryptorchid testis.
Dexamethasone is a powerful anti-inflammatory drug and its efficacy in reduction of postoperative pain in various surgical procedures10-12 and nausea as well as vomiting has been confirmed in some procedures, such as tonsillectomy and orchiopexy.13,14 It suppresses the tissue bradykinin and reduces the production of neuropeptide at the nerve endings resulting in pain relief.15
Surgical treatment of unilaterally undescended testes: Testicular growth after randomization to orchiopexy at age 9 months or 3 years.
Results found that testicular biopsies taken at the time of orchiopexy demonstrated a higher fertility index in the pre-treated group (Schwentner et al., 2005).
Bianchi A Squire BR: Trans-scrotal orchiopexy: orchiopexy revised.