orchidectomy


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orchiectomy

 [or″ke-ek´to-me]
excision of one or both testes, done when a testis is seriously injured or diseased (as in testicular cancer).

If both testes are removed (bilateral orchiectomy or castration), the ability to reproduce is ended. There is also a decrease in production of testosterone, and although bilateral orchiectomy does not interfere with the ability to have sexual intercourse, the loss of both testes can reduce sexual desire. When this occurs before puberty, it prevents the development of secondary sex characters because of testosterone deficit. Replacement therapy may be necessary to maintain a desirable level of the hormone. If the procedure is done after puberty, when the masculine characters have already developed, the effects are much less extreme.
Patient Care. The patient having orchiectomy for treatment of testicular cancer will have special needs in addition to those expected in a cancer patient. He will need help in dealing with problems related to his masculinity, self-concept, and sexual activity. He should be given time to think about and discuss the effects of his surgery. The surgeon is responsible for informing the patient about the procedure and its anticipated long-term effects. The nurse and other health care personnel can clarify any information the patient and his family may have been unable to assimilate during their conference with the surgeon. All members of the health care team should know the expected prognosis and be prepared to answer the patient's questions truthfully and matter-of-factly. He will need an optimistic outlook and encouragement to deal with the future without being given false hope and unreasonable expectations for recovery from the effects of his therapy.

or·chi·ec·to·my

(ōr'kē-ek'tŏ-mē),
Removal of one or both testes.
[orchi- + G. ektomē, excision]

orchidectomy

/or·chi·dec·to·my/ (or″kĭ-dek´tah-me) orchiectomy.

orchidectomy

(ôr′kĭ-dĕk′tə-mē)
n. pl. orchidecto·mies
Variant of orchiectomy.

orchidectomy

[ôr′kidek′təmē]
Etymology: Gk, orchis, testis, ektomē, excision
surgical removal of one or both testes. It may be indicated for serious disease or injury to the testis or to control cancer of the prostate by removing a source of androgenic hormones. Also called orchiectomy.

or·chi·ec·to·my

(ōr'kē-ek'tŏ-mē)
Removal of one or both testes.
Synonym(s): orchidectomy, testectomy.
[orchi- + G. ektomē, excision]

orchidectomy

Surgical removal of a testicle. This may be necessary for cancer of the testicle. Removal of both testicles is often done to reduce secretion of the male sex hormone testosterone in the treatment of a sex-hormone dependent cancer of the PROSTATE GLAND that has spread to other parts of the body. Also known as orchiectomy.

orchidectomy

References in periodicals archive ?
In patients treated with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist/antagonist monotherapy or who have had an orchidectomy, the addition of total androgen blockade (TAB) with androgen receptor antagonists, such as bicalutamide, can offer modest PSA responses that are short-lived in 30% to 35% of patients.
Radical orchidectomy is known as the gold standard of malignant testicular cancer or tumors of unknown origin.
It may not be necessary to undertake delayed orchidectomy in these patients," the researchers (http://www.
Radical inguinal orchidectomy and hemiscrotectomy is the recommended surgical treatment.
It's Jay's first shift back after his orchidectomy and he tries to hide his worry as he dishes out the presents he's brought back from his pretend holiday.
In developed countries testicular cancer has excellent survival figures, approaching 97% for low-stage disease, treatment comprising radical orchidectomy, cisplatin-based chemotherapy, radiotherapy and retroperitoneal lymph node dissection.
Spermatocytic seminomas rarely metastasize and hence orchidectomy alone is indicated for treatment.
A 28-year-old man was admitted to the ICU following left orchidectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection for metastatic testicular cancer.
The treatment groups were SHAM-control, orchidectomy (ORX), ORX + crude extract, ORX + limonin, and ORX + naringin.
Disuse and orchidectomy have additional effects on bone loss in the aged male rat.
His history included bilateral orchidectomy for the treatment of a prostatic malignancy 3 years earlier.