TED, which is also known as Graves' eye disease or Graves' orbitopathy
, is an eye condition wherein the eye muscles and fatty tissue behind the eye become inflamed, often causing ailments such as proptosis.
Various causes have been described including iatrogenic (most often following blepharoplasty), involutional, thyroid-associated orbitopathy
All chapters have been updated, and the new 2016 ETA/EUGOGO (European Group on GravesAE Orbitopathy
) guidelines on the management of GravesAE orbitopathy
Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune thyroid disorder characterized by thyrotoxicosis, frequent infiltrative orbitopathy
, and occasional infiltrative dermopathy.
Consensus statement of the European group on Graves' orbitopathy
(EUGOGO) on management of Graves' orbitopathy
Other less frequent causes were A-V pattern strabismus, comitant strabismus, thyroid orbitopathy
and third cranial nerve palsy.
In addition, selenium supplementation improved quality of life, reduced ocular involvement (orbitopathy
), and slowed disease progression in euthyroid patients with mild Graves' orbitopathy
(Marcocci C, et al.
SUMMARY--The use of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is an integral part of contemporary diagnostics of Graves' orbitopathy
In addition, up to 40 percent of GD patients exhibit a condition called Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO), also known as thyroid associated orbitopathy
Among a series of disorders that are characterized by the enlargement of intraorbital structures, mainly extraocular muscles, thyroid orbitopathy
, lymphoproliferative diseases, metastatic conditions, parasitic infections, orbital cellulitis, vasculitis, and arteriovenous malformations and OM can be listed (7).
Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO), also called Graves' orbitopathy
, thyroid-associated orbitopathy
, or thyroid eye disease, is a cosmetically disfiguring and potentially vision-threatening disease.
INTRODUCTION: Graves' ophthalmopathy, also known as Graves' orbitopathy
or thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy, is an ophthalmic disorder with potential to cause vision loss.