orbitofrontal cortex


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or·bi·to·fron·tal cor·tex

the cerebral cortex covering the basal surface of the frontal lobes.
Synonym(s): frontoorbital area
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During the premenstrual period, part of the volunteers' orbitofrontal cortex, an area involved in regulating emotion, was more active in response to negative words than to positive or neutral words.
Unlike the famous French singer Edith Piaf, most of us do have regrets and they come from a small area of the front of the brain called the orbitofrontal cortex.
Relative reward preference in primate orbitofrontal cortex.
This volume provides an account of the critical contribution the orbitofrontal cortex makes across the limbic, striatal, and prefrontal networks and discusses the implications of orbitofrontal dysfunction in addiction, aging, and psychiatric disorders.
Research shows that damage to the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) of the brain, where executive functioning capacity is located, can make persons with mild cognitive impairment far less risk averse than they were before.
Padoa-Schioppa showed that different groups of cells in the orbitofrontal cortex reflect different stages of the decision-making process.
One study suggests that testosterone affects activity in the orbitofrontal cortex, a part of the brain thought to be involved in deception.
The finding by researchers at the Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) marks the first time that endorphin release in the nucleus accumbens and orbitofrontal cortex in response to alcohol consumption has been directly observed in humans.
Food addiction scores on the YFAS correlated positively with activation of the left anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), left medial orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), and left amygdala in response to anticipated intake of palatable food.
The papers here reflect this complexity, covering such topics as the multiple attributes of Pavlovian reward, time-discounted rewards in the orbitofrontal cortex and associated brain circuits, a model and its ability to reward learning and decision making, brain coding of reward episodes, reward-related responses in the human striatum, integration of cognitive and motivational information, the role of the dorsolateral prefontal cortex, basal ganglia mechanisms of eye movement, receptor theory and biological constraints, and what response rates tell us about dopamine and motivation.
It is thought ice cream stimulates several of these areas, including the processing area at the front of the brain, which is known as the orbitofrontal cortex.
The researchers found that people who took isotretinoin showed decreased activity in the orbitofrontal cortex, a brain area thought to control mood and social interaction.