The approximate Pareto fronts suggest generally improving cost-efficient of the network and reducing the network stability for decreased the number of orbital planes
Huang, "Stability and control of tethered satellite with chemical propulsion in orbital plane
," Nonlinear Dynamics, vol.
Since the out-of-plane angles are zeros all through, the motion besides the orbital plane
does not exist and the motion of system could be confined into orbital plane
, which can simplify the dynamic equations and help analyze the deployment theoretically.
Although this calculation assumes that Hyperion's spin axis remains perpendicular to its orbital plane
, studies have shown that the satellite should also be undergoing
We can separate the contributions into radiation with electrical vector parallel [P.sub.[parallel]]([psi], [lambda]) and perpendicular [P.sub.[perpendicular to]]([psi], [lambda]) to the orbital plane
of the electrons.
The orbital plane
location can be another dominant parameter.
Current scientific hypothesis holds that the 23.5 degree tilt of the Earth with respect to its orbital plane
, which gives us our seasons, was caused by the collision of early Earth with a Mars-sized object called Theia.
The planets occupy nearly the same orbital plane
and on their closest approach come within about 1.2 million miles of each other-just five times the Earth-Moon distance and about 20 times closer to one another than any two planets in our solar system.
After Saturn, Voyager 1 heads northward of the planets' orbital plane
Seen from Earth, a planet can pass in front of its parent star once per orbit--but only if the orbital plane
is aligned edge on with Earth.
Thanks to the 23 1/2[degrees] tilt of Earth's axis with respect to its orbital plane
, the Sun's highest point in the sky changes depending on the time of year.